A PhD in social sciences and humanities: impacts and mobility to get better salaries in an international comparison

To cite this article: Giulio Marini (2018): A PhD in social sciences and humanities: impacts and mobility to get better salaries in an international comparison, Studies in Higher Education
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  Full Terms & Conditions of access and use can be found at Studies in Higher Education ISSN: 0307-5079 (Print) 1470-174X (Online) Journal homepage: A PhD in social sciences and humanities:impacts and mobility to get better salaries in aninternational comparison Giulio Marini To cite this article:  Giulio Marini (2018): A PhD in social sciences and humanities: impacts andmobility to get better salaries in an international comparison, Studies in Higher Education, DOI:10.1080/03075079.2018.1436537 To link to this article: Published online: 09 Feb 2018.Submit your article to this journal Article views: 15View related articles View Crossmark data  A PhD in social sciences and humanities: impacts and mobility toget better salaries in an international comparison Giulio Marini Centre for Global Higher Education (CGHE), Institute of Education UCL, London, UK  ABSTRACT  The paper analyses which conditions may predict a better salary for peoplewho got a PhD in social sciences and humanities (SS&H) in 13 Europeancountries. Among the controlling variables, predictors are also: changeof country of residence; percentage of time spent respectively inresearch and managerial activities; and impacts achieved during one ’ sPhD programme. Findings, but also policy implications both for PhDprogramme planners and PhD candidates, are: some specific impactssuch as having advised policy-makers, having released interviews tomedia and having managed and coordinated projects, all predict bettersalaries for PhD holders in SS&H, other things being equal. To movegeographically out of one ’ s country where PhD was awarded is also agood predictor of better wages, provided PhD holders do not swapsectors after attainment of PhD. KEYWORDS PhD; mobility; impact; socialsciences and humanities;career Introduction  The labour market of PhD holders has been deemed critical in recent years due to the largenumber of PhD holders (Cyranoski et al. 2011). In all disciplines, and basically in all countries,less than half of these educated people can expect to continue a career in academia (Neumannand Tan 2011; van der Weijden et al. 2015), regardless even of tenured permanent or fixed term positions. The subset of the social sciences, and even more the humanities, are more threa-tened by this phenomenon, as industries might be less frequently interested in hiring personnelwith such a high degree from these disciplines (Mangematin 2000; Boosten and Spithoven 2016). Expectations of employment for PhD holders in academia are also worsening (Eigi et al. 2014;Broadbent and Strachan 2016) when compared to only one or two decades ago (Enders 2002). For these reasons, questions about the real usefulness and benefit of getting a PhD, especiallyin social sciences and humanities (SS&H), have been raised. This doubt increases when consideringthe long and uncertain path to gain a PhD in the first place. Any marketable skills and acknowl-edgement from possible employers are hence critical for both PhD students on one hand, andinstitutions awarding PhDs that need to regularly recruit PhD students (Hermanowicz 2012) onthe other hand. Employment in research is no longer considered the only natural path for aPhD holder. In addition, PhD holders nowadays risk having an occupation scarcely related totheir field of study (Auriol, Misu, and Freeman 2013).Given this scenario, the paper examines under which conditions a PhD holder in SS&H is better off in terms of salary, and aims to identify specific strengths and goals for PhD programmes in SS&H(Halse and Mowbray 2011; Evans and Maresi 2014). These conditions aim at keeping constant the main divide in salary between people working in academia from people working outside academia. © 2018 Society for Research into Higher Education CONTACT  Giulio Marini  STUDIES IN HIGHER EDUCATION, 2018
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