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A Seminar Paper on Serial Communication in Arduino

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In the field of embedded electronics the information of circuits (processors and other integrated circuits) is vital. In order for such connection to be established a common protocol must be assigned to them one of such is the serial communication
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  CERTIFICATION This is to certify that this seminar work was done by OSISIOGU, UKACHIOLUWASU! of the de"artment of #ectronic and Com"$ter n%ineerin% in "artia#f$#fi##ment for the award of &ache#or 'e%ree in n%ineerin% at !namdi A(ikiweUni)ersity, Awka*************************************+rof -.rs/ C C Oke(ie+ro0ect S$"er)isor  DEDICATION 1  I dedicate this seminar "a"er to the A#mi%hty God for His %race and infinite #o)etowards me and to my dar#in% "arents, sib#in%s, and c#ose friends for their enco$ra%ement mora##y, academica##y, financia##y and otherwise ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 2  I thank God for the %race of #ife and ab$ndance of b#essin%s which He showered$"on me I wish to e3"ress my %ratit$de to my s$"er)isor +rof -.rs/ CC Oke(iefor her s$""ort, %$idance and enco$ra%ement d$rin% this seminar writin% I a#so want to acknow#ed%e my "arents, +rof and .rs U A Osisio%$, who has beenof immense s$""orts to my academics and my sib#in%s Onyekachi, Toch$kw$ andAyo*O#$wa who ha)e been a so$rce of enco$ra%ementI a#so e3"ress my %ratit$de to +rof 4 Idi%io, +rof Iyiama, 'r ACO A($%bo%$,'r Ohaneme, 'r -.rs/ SU !nebe, 'r Ken Ak"ado, 'r Tony Isi(oh 'r TLA#$m$na, 'r Ifea%w$, , 'r Uden(e, n%r Ste)e Uf$orah, n%r (ea%$, n%rA($bike Anied$, n%r Okoro%$ and Gera#d !wa#o(ie These ones ha)e im"acted a#ot of know#ed%e in me t$rnin% me into the we##*e5$i""ed man that I am today Iknow that the sky is their #imit and they wi## achie)e m$ch more in their #i)esLast b$t not the #east are my wonderf$# friends, Onyedika, Confidence, 6ason,U(oma, Henry, Ke#echi, Gabrie# and a host of others who in one way or the other made a h$%e im"act in my #ife, I #o)e yo$ a## TABLE OF CONTENTS 7  CERTIFICATION.....................................................................................1DEDICATION...........................................................................................2ACKNOWLEDGEMENT........................................................................3TABLE OF CONTENTS..........................................................................4SECTION ONE.........................................................................................7INTRODUCTION.....................................................................................7SECTION TWO: AN OVERVIEW ON ARDUINO............................10 2.1 Intr!"#t$n..............................................................................................102.2Ar!"$n Un...........................................................................................112.3 G%n%r&' S(%#$)$#&t$n*..............................................................................11 2.3.1 +,%r S(%#$)$#&t$n.........................................................................................122.3.2 M%-r S(%#$)$#&t$n.....................................................................................132.3.3 In("t &n! O"t("t.............................................................................................132.3.4C--"n$#&t$n............................................................................................14 2.4+r/r&--$n/ t% Ar!"$n....................................................................12.A"t-&t$# S)t,&r% R%*%t..................................................................12.USB O5%r6#"rr%nt +rt%#t$n...............................................................12.7+*$#&' C&r&#t%r$*t$#*........................................................................17 3.SECTION TREE: SERIAL COMMUNICATION...................18 3.1D%)$n$t$n................................................................................................183.2D$))%r%n#%* 9%t,%%n S%r$&' &n! +&r&''%' C--"n$#&t$n..................183.3C'# *%,.............................................................................................203.4A*n#rn"* &n! Sn#rn"* D&t& Tr&n*-$**$n..........................21 3.4.1T% &!5&nt&/%* &n! !$*&!5&nt&/%* ) *n#rn"* 5%r &*n#rn"* *%r$&' #--"n$#&t$n..............................................................................................23 3.T% DCE &n! t% DTE..........................................................................23 8  3. T% M!% ) O(%r&t$n ) & S%r$&' R&t% Tr&n*)%r SRT................24 3..1B&"! r&t%......................................................................................................23..2 D&t& 9$t*.......................................................................................................273..3St&rt &n! St( Sn#rn$*&t$n 9$t*:.......................................................273..4 +&r$t................................................................................................................28 3.7 E;&-('%* ) S%r$&' C--"n$#&t$n St&n!&r!*................................2< 3.7.1RS6232...........................................................................................................2< 3.7.2RS6422.................................................................................................303.7.3RS6423.................................................................................................313.7.4RS648.................................................................................................323.7.USB Un$5%r*&' S%r$&' B"*................................................................34 3.7. F$r% W$r% IEEE 13<4....................................................................................33.7.7 Et%rn%t............................................................................................................33.7.8MIDI..............................................................................................................33.7.< IIC r I 2 C6 Int%r6Int%/r&t%! C$r#"$t..............................................................383.7.10 S+I6S%r$&' +%r$(%r&' Int%r)&#%....................................................................383.7.11 +CI E;(r%**....................................................................................................3< SECTION FOUR.....................................................................................41 4.1TE +ROCEDURE FOR SERIAL COMMUNICATION INARDUINO IN CREATING S=STEMS........................................................414.2UART......................................................................................................424.3 A(('$#&t$n* ) S%r$&' C--"n$#&t$n $n Ar!"$n................................424.4 E;&-('%* ) t% "t$'$*&t$n ) *%r$&' #--"n$#&t$n $n Ar!"$n....43 4.4.1 S%n!$n/ D%9"/ In)r-&t$n )r- Ar!"$n t C-("t%r........................43 9
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