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A STUDY OF ALLOPATHIC AND AYURVEDIC WAYS OF TREATMENT

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International International Multidisciplinary e-journal- Author: Mr. Vijay C. Patel.( ) ISSN A STUDY OF ALLOPATHIC AND AYURVEDIC WAYS OF TREATMENT MR. VIJAY C. PATEL ASST. PROFESSOR SUB:
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International International Multidisciplinary e-journal- Author: Mr. Vijay C. Patel.( ) ISSN A STUDY OF ALLOPATHIC AND AYURVEDIC WAYS OF TREATMENT MR. VIJAY C. PATEL ASST. PROFESSOR SUB: Physical education Aroma College of Commerce, Usmanpura, Ahmedabad ABSTRACT Ayurvedic medicine is an ancient system of health care that is native to the Indian subcontinent. Ayurveda is also one among the few traditional systems of medicine to contain a sophisticated system of surgery. Basic principle in ayurveda to treat the disease is by balancing the Tridosas(Tri means three + doshas means imbalances). These Dosahas are, named as Vatta dosha,pitta dosha, kappa dosha.as per Ayurveda This whole world is created by five elements. All the three doshas are to be balanced in the body to maintain the healthy life. The project was to evaluate the efficacy of Ayurvedic medicines. It was a randomised double-blinded, placebo (inert tablets)-controlled study, which is the gold standard for clinical research in modern medicine. While the study was specific to rheumatoid arthritis, it also looked into whether complex Ayurvedic interventions could be studied in a clinical trial. The doubledummy, double-blind randomised clinical study has clearly shown the feasibility of further studies of this kind. KEYWORDS: Ayurveda, Dosahas, salya-chikitsa, Charaka Samhita, seropositive INTRODUCTION Ayurveda (Devanagari: आय वद) or Ayurvedic medicine is an ancient system of health care that is native to the Indian subcontinent. It is presently in daily use by millions of people in India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka, and it was a major influence on the development of Unani, Chinese and Tibetan Medicine. The word Ayurveda is a tatpurusha compound (joining words) of the āyus meaning life , life principle , or long life and the word Veda, which refers to a system of knowledge . Thus Ayurveda roughly translates as the knowledge of life , or knowledge Vol-III, Issue-III, Mar, Page 182 of a long life . According to Charaka Samhita, life itself is defined as the combination of the body, sense organs, mind and soul, the factor responsible for preventing decay and death, which sustains the body over time, and guides the processes of rebirth .. Ayurveda is also one among the few traditional systems of medicine to contain a sophisticated system of surgery (which is referred to as salya-chikitsa ). Basic principle in ayurveda to treat the disease is by balancing the Tridosas (Tri means three + doshas means imbalances). These Dosahas are, named as Vatta dosha,pitta dosha, kappa dosha.as per Ayurveda This whole world is created by five elements. These five elements are called as Panchabhootas in Sanskrit. They are: Air, Water, Fire, Earth, and Space. The body is made up of tissues(dhatus), waste products (malas) and doshas (energetic forces). It is the job of the Tridoshas to keep body free from wastes and also influences all movements, transformation, sensory functions and others. Imbalance in any doshas will lead to death or decay in the body. Vatta dosha is the combination of Air and Space representing Air in the body,while Pitta dosha is represents fire and is like the sun in the body while kapha dosha represents water and earth and is like the moon in the body. Vata regulates body movements, running, walking, excretion of urine and feces. Pitta regulates digestion of food, functionality of eye, body colour, hunger and thirst. Kapha regulates movements of joints, strength, braveness, weight of the body. All the three doshas are to be balanced in the body to maintain the healthy life. In order to balance these Vata, Pitta and Kapha, a person has to take proper food according to their body nature.in nature every matter contains a taste created by the six basic tastes [Shadruchis]. They are sweet, sour, salty, spicy, astringent and bitter. These six tastes are also formed by the combination of the five elements: Union of elements Taste Effect Earth+Water Earth+Fire Sweet Sour It gives cooling effect, increases Kapha diseases and decreases Vata and Pitta diseases. It gives heat effect, increases Kapha diseases and decreases Vata and Pitta diseases. Vol-III, Issue-III, Mar, Page 183 Water+Fire Salty It gives heat effect, increases Vata diseases and decreases Kapha and Pitta diseases. Fire+Air Spicy [Chili taste] It gives heat effect, decreases Kapha diseases and increases Vata and Pitta diseases. Earth+Air Space+Air Astringent Bitter It gives cooling effect, increases Vata diseases, decreases Kapha and Pitta diseases. It gives cooling effect, increases Vata diseases and decreases Kapha and Pitta diseases. The Vata, Pitta, Kapha and all six types of tastes are present in human. Just like in human beings, they are also present in trees, plants and food materials. So basically Ayurveda deals with the knowledge about which food contains which taste, which taste cures which dosha. And it then prescribes a remedy to cure a disease by balancing the related dosha. It can only be done by knowing the nature of disease and remedy. Allopathy:- Allopathy is a method of treating disease with remedies that produce effects different from those caused by the disease itself. The term 'allopathy' was invented by German physician Samuel ahnemann. allos 'opposite' and pathos 'suffering', which means the treatment of the disease is by the drug with opposite action, opposite to the concept of homeopathy where the concept of treating the disease is by the drug (minute dose) having the similar symptoms in healthy person as the disease itself. One example, of an allopathic therapy would be using a laxative to relieve constipation. Allopathy is based on major three steps: hypothesis, experimentation and observation and finally the theory or the conclusion. In today s world, allopathy follows a methodological approach towards diagnosing and treating patients. Allopathy versus Ayurveda:- It has been seen that allopathy has been more practiced as compared to the Ayurveda. There are few reasons as such why people follow more of allopathic treatment over ayurvedic Vol-III, Issue-III, Mar, Page 184 treatments. One of the reasons is the time of treatment. Time taken to treat the disease with allopathic drugs is less as compared to ayurvedic drugs, thus while considering the satisfaction in treatment, the diseased person feels as the allopathic medicine more relieving and convenient. Also Modern medicine has the advantage of extensive research that backs it. Natural remedies lack this and thus more people believe in allopathic medicine. Also there are many researches and strict control over the impurities and other dangerous compound while making allopathic drugs, which is not the case with herbal products. Since there is no guidelines or rules for standard herbal drug it is easy for any spurious drug to enter the market in name of natural remedies without specific clinical research. Though allopathic treatment is more famous, it has been seen that encounter with side effects is more frequent in allopathic drugs, hence the patients seek for an alternative treatments like Homeopathy, Ayurveda, or Chinese treatments. Also for some patients who like to get treated in more holistic approach tends to choose natural therapies over allopathy. Also the Toxicity is the factor. Ayurvedic medications have the potential to be toxic. Many materials used in them have not been thoroughly studied in either Western or Indian research. In the United States, Ayurvedic medications are regulated as dietary supplements. As such, they are not required to meet the safety and efficacy standards for conventional medicines. A National Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)-funded study published in 2004 found that of 70 Ayurvedic remedies purchased over-the-counter (all manufactured in South Asia), 14 contained lead, mercury, and/or arsenic (heavy metals) at levels that could be harmful. Also in 2004, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that 12 cases of lead poisoning occurring over a recent 3-year period were linked to the use of Ayurvedic medications RESEARCH:- The study was conducted by the University of Washington, Seattle, and the University of Los Angeles, California, with funding from the National Institutes of Health in the U.S. and the Arya Vaidya Pharmacy (AVP), Coimbatore. Vol-III, Issue-III, Mar, Page 185 OBJECTIVE:- The project was to evaluate the efficacy of Ayurvedic medicines. It was a randomised double-blinded, placebo (inert tablets)-controlled study, which is the gold standard for clinical research in modern medicine. METHOD:- The research span was having nine-month treatment and evaluation period had three groups with total of 43 seropositive RA (Rheumatoid arthritis) patients criteria with disease duration of less than 7 years. One group was given only Ayurvedic medicines along with a placebo of allopathic medicine (number of patients=12), another group was administered only allopathic medicines with placebos of Ayurvedic medicines(number of patients=14) and the third group was given a combination of Ayurveda and allopathic medicines (number of patients=17). Outcomes included Disease activity score which is used to measure the level of disease activity in people with rheumatoid arthritis, health assessment questionnaire, and ACR20/50/70. Different combinations of internal and external Ayurvedic medicines were prescribed to the patients but the allopathic treatment consisted of standard doses of the drug Methotrexate. All patients were treated in the out-patient ward and no massage or dhara' or any other in-patient treatment method was applied. RESULT :- All groups were comparable at baseline in demographics and disease characteristics. There were no statistically significant differences among the 3 groups on the efficacy measures. ACR20 results were Methotrexate 86%, Ayurveda 100%, and combination 82%, and Disease Activity Score response were Methotrexate -2.4, Ayurveda -1.7, and combination Differences in adverse events among groups were also not statistically significant, although the Methotrexate groups experienced more adverse event (Methotrexate 174, Ayurveda 112, combination 176). No deaths occurred. Vol-III, Issue-III, Mar, Page 186 While the study was specific to rheumatoid arthritis, it also looked into whether complex Ayurvedic interventions could be studied in a clinical trial. The double-dummy, double-blind randomised clinical study has clearly shown the feasibility of further studies of this kind. Ayurveda with Allopaty :- An allopathic drug treats the symptoms of the disease and takes lesser time as compared to the long time taken by the ayurvedic drugs to treat the root of the ailment. Combination of allopathic drugs to give patients symptomatic relief with the treatment of the main cause of the disease by ayurvedic drug can be useful for the patients. Once there is proper scientific evidence and backing, natural remedies can be used in synergy with allopathic drugs. Many countries are striving to achieve this by having guidelines for the release of natural drugs. This will increase the credibility of the drugs. Once the above steps are taken, then maybe natural medicines and allopathic drugs can be used to complement each other. For example, in the treatment of a bronchial problem, allopathic drugs can be given to reduce the symptoms of wheezing, and a natural remedy can be given to treat the bronchitis itself. Another example could be about using a natural remedy to reduce the side effects of an allopathic drug, leading to comparatively less stress on the body. These are just superficial examples as it can never be as simple as prescribing two drugs. It is definitely possible to achieve a synergy with the world becoming one global entity and the intermingling of cultures and knowledge from different parts of the world. This will hopefully percolate down to scientific medical research as well. REFRENCES :- 1. Gopi Warrier & Deepika Gunawant,.The Complete Illustrated Guide to Ayurveda' 2. Manyam, Bala and Khalsa, Partap. Ayurvedic Medicine: An Introduction. NCCAM: National Institutes of Health. [Online] July 2009.[Cited: January 5, 2011.] NCCAM Publication No. D Saper RB, Kales SN, Paquin J, et al. Heavy metal content of Ayurvedic herbal medicine products. Journal of the American Medical Association. 2004;292(23): Chopra A, Doiphode VV. Ayurvedic medicine-core concept, therapeutic principles, and current relevance. Medical Clinics of North America. 2002;86(1): Vol-III, Issue-III, Mar, Page 187
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