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A STUDY OF ATTITUDE OF POST-GRADUATE STUDENTS OF SIRSA DISTRICT IN HARYANA STATE TOWARDS ALCOHOL AND DRUGS

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ABSTRACT Aim of the present study is to determine the attitude of post-graduate students of Sirsa District in Haryana State towards alcohol and drugs . For this a sample consisted of 200 Post Graduate Students of post graduate colleges situated in
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  International Journal of Research in Social Sciences  Vol. 8, Issue 12(1), December 2018, ISSN: 2249-2496 Impact Factor: 7.081 Journal Homepage: http://www.ijmra.us, Email: editorijmie@gmail.com Double-Blind Peer Reviewed Refereed Open Access International Journal - Included in the International Serial Directories Indexed & Listed at: Ulrich's Periodicals Directory ©, U.S.A., Open J-Gat e as well as in Cabell’s Directories of Publishing Opportunities, U.S.A   408 International Journal of Research in Social Sciences http://www.ijmra.us, Email: editorijmie@gmail.com   A STUDY OF ATTITUDE OF POST-GRADUATE STUDENTS OF SIRSA DISTRICT IN HARYANA STATE TOWARDS ALCOHOL AND DRUGS *Prof. Dr Jai Parkash **Dr.(Mrs) Sushma Rani Hooda   ABSTRACT Aim of the present study is to determine the attitude of post-graduate students of Sirsa District in Haryana State towards alcohol and drugs . For this a sample consisted of 200 Post Graduate Students of post graduate colleges situated in Sirsa District of Haryana State was taken . 100 students from M.Sc. stream and 100 students from M.A. stream were taken and descriptive survey method was used . In the present study results shows that that all post graduate students have same attitude towards drug and alcohol and they all want to neglect the drug and alcohol. The results of all hypotheses shown that arts and science, male and female and rural and urban students have similar mean values which mean they all have same thinking and attitude towards drugs and alcohol . Therefore, the study indicate that in the present time youth is aware about drugs and alcohol Key Words: Attitude, Alcohol and Drugs , Science , Arts , Rural , Urban , Post Graduate Students INTRODUCTION The most important objective of national and international drug policy is to keep the number of people using illicit drugs as low as possible. The general public and youths in particular are encouraged to keep away from drugs by means of anti-drug legislation and campaigns to influence public opinion and to inform people about the harmful effects of drug abuse. In Sweden the accent today is on measures which at once restrict the availability of and reduce the demand for illicit drugs. A report by the National Institute of Public Health on alcohol and drug prevention, for instance, says that A long-term preventive strategy makes no distinction between measures to restrict availability and measures to curb demand. Police efforts to clamp down on drugs dealing in the street are chiefly aimed at restricting availability... but police efforts also have an effect on demand in that the strong signals sent out by the police discourage young people from trying drugs 1995, 32, our translation). Although it is not necessary to make a distinction between "measures to restrict availability and measures to curb demand", there are of course actions that are aimed specifically on the demand side and those that focus on availability. Drug prevention education in schools, for instance, aims primarily to influence the demand for drugs among school youths. Attitude toward Alcohol and Drug Use The most important objective of national and international drug policy is to keep the number of people using illicit drugs as low as possible. The general public and youths in particular are encouraged to keep away from drugs by means of anti-drug legislation and campaigns to influence public opinion and to inform people about the harmful effects of drug abuse. A report by the National Institute of Public Health on alcohol and drug prevention, for instance, says that, " A long-term preventive strategy makes no distinction between measures to restrict availability and measures to curb demand. *Principal, JCD (PG) College of Education, Sirsa **Associate Professor, JCD (PG) College of Education, Sirsa  International Journal of Research in Social Sciences  Vol. 8, Issue 12(1), December 2018, ISSN: 2249-2496 Impact Factor: 7.081 Journal Homepage: http://www.ijmra.us, Email: editorijmie@gmail.com Double-Blind Peer Reviewed Refereed Open Access International Journal - Included in the International Serial Directories Indexed & Listed at: Ulrich's Periodicals Directory ©, U.S.A., Open J-Gat e as well as in Cabell’s Directories of Publishing Opportunities, U.S.A   409 International Journal of Research in Social Sciences http://www.ijmra.us, Email: editorijmie@gmail.com   Police efforts to clamp down on drugs dealing in the street are chiefly aimed at restricting availability... but police efforts also have an effect on demand in that the strong signals sent out by the police discourage young people from trying drugs". Significance of The Study Drug and alcohol abuse among post graduate students is a major cause for concern. Use of illegal substances may be associated with a deterioration in personal and social life, especially in the case of addictive drugs when users often become involved in illegal activities to acquire money to purchase the drug. Drug and alcohol use also disrupts other students who are not themselves users. Therefore, research decided to selected the topic “A Study of Attitude of Post -Graduate Students of Sirsa District in Haryana State Towards Alcohol and Drugs”, in which, the investigator will be collect the information regarding post graduate students attitude towards alcohol and drugs, so that the student may save their time, money & energy. Therefore, above said topic is very much essential for student for their future. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM A Study of Attitude of Post-Graduate Students of Sirsa District in Haryana State towards Alcohol and Drugs . OPERATIONAL DEFINITIONS OF THE STUDY Attitude :   A feeling or opinion about something or someone, or attitude is a settled way of thinking or feeling about something. Post Graduate Students Those students who takes admission in master degree after completion their graduation class. They can take admission in any stream like M.Sc,. M.A. or M.Ed. etc. Alcohol & Drugs : Drugs and Alcohol does not contain any nutrients for the body and drugs and alcohol can have negative effects on your life OBJECTIVES OF PRESENT STUDY    To study attitude among Arts and Science post graduate students towards alcohol and drugs.    To study attitude among male and female post graduate students towards alcohol and drugs.    To study attitude among male and female Arts post graduate students towards alcohol and drugs.    To study attitude among male and female Science post graduate students towards alcohol and drugs.    To study attitude among rural male and female post graduate students attitude towards alcohol and drugs.      To study attitude among urban male and female post graduate students attitude towards alcohol and drugs.  HYPOTHESES OF PRESENT STUDY    There is no significant difference in attitude among Arts and Science post graduate students towards alcohol and drugs.    There is no significant difference in attitude among male and female post graduate students towards alcohol and drugs.  International Journal of Research in Social Sciences  Vol. 8, Issue 12(1), December 2018, ISSN: 2249-2496 Impact Factor: 7.081 Journal Homepage: http://www.ijmra.us, Email: editorijmie@gmail.com Double-Blind Peer Reviewed Refereed Open Access International Journal - Included in the International Serial Directories Indexed & Listed at: Ulrich's Periodicals Directory ©, U.S.A., Open J-Gat e as well as in Cabell’s Directories of Publishing Opportunities, U.S.A   410 International Journal of Research in Social Sciences http://www.ijmra.us, Email: editorijmie@gmail.com      There is no significant difference in attitude among male and female Arts post graduate students towards alcohol and drugs.    There is no significant difference in attitude among male and female Science post graduate students towards alcohol and drugs.    There is no significant difference in attitude among rural male and female post graduate students attitude towards alcohol and drugs.      There is no significant difference in attitude among urban male and female post graduate students attitude towards alcohol and drugs.  DELIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY      The present study was delimited to Sirsa District of Haryana State only.    The study was delimited to arts & science post graduate students of Sirsa District.    The study was delimited to one variable i. e. student's attitude towards alcohol and drugs.    The study was delimited to 200 students i. e 100 arts & 100 science post graduate students. REVIEW OF LITERATURE   Ana L. (2012) the study examines the effects of alcohol use on high school students’ quality of learning. We estimate fixed-effects models using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Our primary measure of academic achievement is the student’s GPA abstracted from official school transcripts. We find that increases in alcohol consumption result in small yet statistically significant reductions in GPA for male students and in statistically non-significant changes for females. For females, however, higher levels of drinking result in self-reported academic difficulty. The fixed-effects results are substantially smaller than OLS estimates, underscoring the importance of addressing unobserved individual heterogeneity. Robert L. (2013) many schools implement random student drug testing (RSDT) programs as a drug prevention strategy. This study analyzes self-report surveys of students in eight secondary schools with well-established RSDT programs, comparing students who understood they were subject to testing and students who understood they were not subject to testing. Students subject to testing reported significantly less marijuana and other illegal drug use than students in the same schools who were not subject to testing, and also had more positive attitudes toward testing. Alcohol use, which was not tested for in seven of the eight schools, did not differ between groups. This study provides evidence that awareness of eligibility for drug testing in schools with well-established RSDT programs is associated with lower rates of drug use. Shaul Lev-Ran (2013) the study revealed that the poor response rate in this survey dictates caution in interpretation the results. However, they suggest that among medical specialties, psychiatrists had higher levels of self-reported competency in treating addictions and lower rates of moralism towards addictions. Across substances, the highest rates of moralism and lowest ratings of treatment efficacy were directed towards individuals with alcohol dependence. Physicians generally reported experiencing lower levels of satisfaction and higher levels of aggression when treating individuals with alcohol or drug dependence compared with other patients. Physicians' attitudes towards addictions have a significant role in the care that clients with addictions receive. Medical education programs in Israel should devote provisions towards educating physicians about addictions.Vincent Lorant (2013) revealed in his study one young adult in two has entered university education in Western countries. Many of these young students will be exposed, during this transitional period, to substantial changes in living arrangements, socialisation groups, and social activities. This kind of transition is often associated with risky behaviour such as excessive alcohol consumption. So far, however, there is little evidence about the social determinants of alcohol consumption among college students. We set out to explore how college environmental factors shape college students' drinking  International Journal of Research in Social Sciences  Vol. 8, Issue 12(1), December 2018, ISSN: 2249-2496 Impact Factor: 7.081 Journal Homepage: http://www.ijmra.us, Email: editorijmie@gmail.com Double-Blind Peer Reviewed Refereed Open Access International Journal - Included in the International Serial Directories Indexed & Listed at: Ulrich's Periodicals Directory ©, U.S.A., Open J-Gat e as well as in Cabell’s Directories of Publishing Opportunities, U.S.A   411 International Journal of Research in Social Sciences http://www.ijmra.us, Email: editorijmie@gmail.com   behaviour. Jodati AR (2016) prepared a questionnaire survey examined attitudes and practices towards alcohol and drug use among male university students living in a dormitory at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran. Of 173 students, about one third (32%) had tried alcohol or drugs at least once in the last 6 months 16% had tried alcohol, 6% cannabis, 6% opium and 2% heroin. Sixteen students (9%) reported they were abusing alcohol and 16 (9%) other illicit drugs, with 2 using drugs by injection. Many students believed that smoking and drug and alcohol use in the dormitory created disruption and an unpleasant atmosphere. Liranso GS, Eliyas KA, Israel FF (2017) the study found that substances abused by the participants include alcohol, nicotine, cannabis, heroin and etc. Their reasons for using these substances include individual, family, and environmental factors. However, peer group pressure was identified as the primary factor for youth substance use. The study emphasizes the painful nature of substance abuse among youth, yet at the same time, it succeeds in highlighting the strategies that can be employed to address substance abuse among youth. In addition, the study recommends a concerted effort by all the stakeholders in addressing the substance abuse problem POPULATION All the Arts & Science stream post graduate students studying in Government & Private post graduate colleges students of Sirsa District constituted the population. SAMPLE OF THE STUDY In the present study, total 200 post graduate students 100 Arts & 100 Science students from Sirsa District are selected as sample. which are selected randomly. The data were collected from four post graduate Colleges. SAMPLE DESIGN TOOL USED  Alcohol and Drug Attitude scale (2010) authored by Sunil Saini (Ph.D.), Sandeep Singh (Ph.D.). was used .   Total Sample (200)Arts.(100)Male (50)Rural(25)Urban(25)Female(50)Rural(25)Urban(25) Science (100)Male(50)Rural(25)Urban(25)Female (50)Rural(25)Urban(25)  International Journal of Research in Social Sciences  Vol. 8, Issue 12(1), December 2018, ISSN: 2249-2496 Impact Factor: 7.081 Journal Homepage: http://www.ijmra.us, Email: editorijmie@gmail.com Double-Blind Peer Reviewed Refereed Open Access International Journal - Included in the International Serial Directories Indexed & Listed at: Ulrich's Periodicals Directory ©, U.S.A., Open J-Gat e as well as in Cabell’s Directories of Publishing Opportunities, U.S.A   412 International Journal of Research in Social Sciences http://www.ijmra.us, Email: editorijmie@gmail.com   STATISTICAL TECHNIQUES In this study Mean, S.D. & 't' test statistical techniques are used. ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA To solve any problem the interpretation of data is very important. The collection of data is not one end in itself. It has to be analyzed with a view to test various hypothesis formulated according to different objectives set in the study. Hypothesis No. 1   There is no significant difference in attitude among Arts and Science post graduate students towards alcohol and drugs. Table 1.1 Mean, S.D., 't' values of Arts and Science stream post graduate students Variables N M S.D. Df 't' Value Level of Significance Arts stream post graduate Students 100 63.27 6.11 198 0.62 Not Significant at .05 level & 0.01 level Science stream post graduate Students 100 62.75 5.61 df = 198, .05 = 1.98 , .01= 2.62 Interpretation The mean value of attitude of Art and Science post graduate students attitude towards alcohol and drugs are 63.27, 62.75 and S.D. value are 6.11, 5.61 respectively. The calculated 't' value is 0.62 which is less than standard table value at df 198, which is 1.98 at .05 and 2.62 at 0.01 level of significance. Therefore, the hypothesis no. 1 There is no significant difference in attitude among Arts and Science post graduate students towards alcohol and drugs is accepted. Therefore, arts and science students have same attitude towards alcohol and drugs. Hypothesis No. 2   There is no significant difference in attitude among male and female post graduate students towards alcohol and drugs.
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