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A Study on Group Dynamics and Conflict Managment

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An Academic Research paper regarding the concept of group, whilst also analysing the best strategy to solve conflict among group members.
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  Running head: GROUP DYNAMICS & CONFLICT MANAGMENT1 An Analyi !" G#!u$ Dyna%iAnd C!n"li' Manage%en' Le!na#d! Ca%a#a(ei)ing F!#eign S'udie Uni*e#i'yLe!na#d! Ca%a#a i an unde#g#adua'e 'uden' a' 'he (ei)ing F!#eign S'udie Uni*e#i'y+ de$a#'%en' !" ,!u#nali% and In'e#na'i!nal C!%%unia'i!n in (ei)ing+ China-C!##e$!ndene !ne#ning 'he a#'ile h!uld .e add#eed '!: Le!na#d! Ca%a#a+ 北京市海淀区厂洼东二街 / 号楼, 02+ 134 Ph!ne: 536 17 118 18//4 E%ail: le!9!e.ag%ail-!%   2 GROUP DYNAMICS & CONFLICT MANAGMENT A(STRACTThe ;i'!#y !" %an9ind h!< 'ha' hu%an a#e .e' e=ui$$ed "!# u#*i*al <hen 'hey "un'i!n in ag#!u$+ "!# i' all!< "!# "unda%en'al u$$!#' %ean 'ha' in#eae 'he hane !" u#*i*al "!# all g#!u$%e%.e#- ;!<e*e#+ !n"li' a%!ng g#!u$ %e%.e# !uld #e$#een' 'he "ailu#e !" 'he g#!u$ y'e%in i' <h!le >Uhin!+ /18?- @i'hin an ideal e""iien' 'ea%+ eah indi*idual %u' ha*e a !!$e#a'i*e%inde' and ul'i*a'e in'e#$e#!nal #ela'i!n+ <hile i 'he leade# du'y '! $#e*en' !# %anage $!'en'ial "#i'i!n >B!''le#+ /1?- The $u#$!e !" 'hi $a$e# <a '! de'e#%ine <he'he# %!de#nindi*idual lean '!<a#d !lle'i*i% !# indi*iduali%+ <hile al! la#i"ying 'he #!le 'ha' a g#!u$leade# au%e in !n"li' %anage%en'- Thi 'udy an lead '! an i%$#!*e%en' !" 'ea%<!#9 y'e%-  ANALYSIS OF EFFICIENT TEAM@ORB 7Bey<!#d: g#!u$ y'e%+ !n"li' %anage%en'+ 'ea% leade# ACBNO@LEDGMENTS The au'h!# <ihe '! e$#e hi g#a'i'ude '! hi l!yal a' Ga''! "!# i' ha ne*e# le"' hi ide du#ing 'he l!ng nigh' !" <!#9 and i' ilen' en!u#age%en' 'h#!ugh!u' 'he #eea#h- The u'ene and u$$!#' !" Ga''! a#e g#ea'ly a9n!<ledged-  ANALYSIS OF EFFICIENT TEAM@ORB 8 1. INTRODUCTIONBackground 1.1. The Group Concept and the Individual The G#ee9 $hil!!$he# A#i'!'le ugge'ed 'ha' Man i .y na'u#e a !ial ani%al4 any!ne<h! ei'he# ann!' lead a !%%!n li"e !# i ! el"u""iien' a n!' '! need '!+ and 'he#e"!#e d!e n!' $a#'a9e !" !ie'y+ i ei'he# a .ea' !# a g!d >A#i'!'le+ n-d-?- The de*el!$%en' 'ha' %an9ind haahie*ed 'h#!ugh!u' i' ;i'!#y a#e a''#i.u'a.le '! 'he a.ili'y !" indi*idual '! !!$e#a'e <hen!#ganied in g#!u$- A!#ding '! Ca%.#idge Di'i!na#ie+ 'he 'e#% 'ea%<!#9 den!'e 'he a.ili'y !" a g#!u$ '! <!#9 <ell '!ge'he# >/1H?+ i' $#i%a#y .ene"i' !ni' in all!<ing aid g#!u$ '! ahie*ee#'ain !.)e'i*e 'ha' an indi*idual al!ne !uld n!' $!i.ly #eah- The e""iieny !" a g#!u$ a#ie"#!% e*e#al "a'!#: la#i"ia'i!n !" 'he !%%!n g!al and $u#$!e+ u$#aie and #e<a#d !" 'he 'ea%a a <h!le+ clarify each person’s role in achieing !he co""on purpose# a$$lia'i!n !" leade#hi$ %!del >(a99e#+ /04 eyne$+ /184 Uhin!+ /184 B!''le#+ /1?+ e!c. $u%s!an!ialconsidera!ion has %een gien !o !he la!!er# "ore specifically !o !he approach !ha! a !ea"leader should assu"e !o&ards po!en!ial conflic!s a"ong !he group "e"%ers. This reie&&ill no! coer !he %ehaioral sphere !ha! a leader should adap! for use &i!hin a !ea"&ork inorder !o "ake i! effec!ie# %u! ra!her focus on pro%le" soling s!ra!egy.1.2. The craing for a group sys!e"' !he (regarious Ins!inc!The )ris!o!elian concep!ion of *an as a social ani"al is !aken up again %y (ro!ius# &ho con!inues %y saying !ha! hu"ans# as ra!ional and social %eings# are %y na!ure "ean! !o  ANALYSIS OF EFFICIENT TEAM@ORB H lie organi+ed in groups# for !hey could no! surie o!her&ise ,1-2/. Oer a cen!ury ago# !he 0nglish psychologis! illia" *cDougall na"ed !his pheno"enon Gregarious Instinct, arguing !ha! hu"ans are ineora%ly dra&n !o 3!he as! hu"an herd#4 &hich 3eer!s a %aneful a!!rac!ion on !hose ou!side i!4 ,152-/. *odern hu"an %ehaior rela!ed !o !he herd ins!inc!# is eplained %y eolu!ionary psychologis!s !hrough Charles Dar&in’s !heory of na!ural selec!ion ,165/. I! is assu"ed !ha! !hroughou! !he eolu!ionary process of deelop"en! of cer!ain %iological and ana!o"ical !rai!s# hu"ans hae also refined psychological and social idiosyncrasies# &hich increase adap!ie co"por!"en!s ins!ead of non7adap!ie ones. 8u"ans’ preference for liing in groups ra!her !han alone# "ay also %e sus!ained %y psychological and %iological "echanis"s !ha! eoled oer !i"e !o help indiiduals sole %asic surial pro%le"s ,9orsy!h# 2::5/.2. ;IT0R)TUR0 R0<I02.1 0fficacious Tea"&ork = Conflic! *anage"en!0lisa%e!h Bakken# a *anpo&er >rofessional 0ecu!ie# eplains in !he ar!icle TwelveWays to Build an Effective Team #   ho& !o s!ruc!ure a solid and effec!ie !ea". I! is proposed!o apply a sof! approach !o !he !ea"# for &hich sharing co""on goals and deelopingin!erpersonal rela!ions is funda"en!al? !hus# 3!he "e"%ers of !he group are efficien!%ecause !asks are assigned in a &ay !ha! !akes in!o accoun! each "e"%er’s skill andin!eres!#4 and 3!ea" "e"%ers &ork coopera!iely#4 for 3!hey hae &orked ou! &ays !oresole conflic!s &hen occur4 ,p.1/. The %igges! o%s!acle !o an efficien! group is !he fric!ion!ha! could occur a"ong "e"%ers of !he !ea". Bakken ela%ora!es an innoa!ie "e!hod !ohandle conflic!s %e!&een !ea" "e"%ers. Considering !he possi%ili!y !ha! hones!
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