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A Tertiary Franciscan Politics for Peace

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Foucault’s History of Sexuality Volume One will be referenced to explore the way bio-power may have influenced the commodification of Franciscan spiritual practices. This is augmented by an example in Zizek’s article From Western Marxism to Western
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  Francis Rothery, 31572688, Political Theology for Peace, April 2015 Developing a Politics of Peace in the Practices of Anglican Franciscan Spiritual Formation ‘a!e "e a channel of yo#r peace$ 1%  is the phrase "ost co""only associate& 'ith the life of (t Francis an& the )r&er he *irthe&% +is practice of peace"a!ing ‘str#c! at the heart of the c#rrency of so-ereignty in ter"s of po'er,la' an& pay"ent$ .itchell, 2013, ch% 3, loc% /32% This essay 'ill eplore 'hether conte"porary Anglican Franciscans are *ringing peace in society% t 'ill also eplore the hin&rances to practicing peace"a!ing in a li*eral, agonistic an& postsec#lar c#lt#re% Finally feat#res of !enarchy 'ill *e eplore& as a potential 'ay to help the Franciscan )r&er connect 'ith their charis" of peace"a!ing% Literary Review Fo#ca#lt$s History of Sexuality Volume One  'ill *e reference& to eplore the 'ay *iopo'er "ay ha-e in#ence& the co""o&i4cation of Franciscan spirit#al practices% This is a#g"ente& *y an ea"ple in ie!$s article From Western Marxism to Western Buddhism.   ersa!s$s &issertation , We Are Not Our Own 'ill &ra' attention to the 'ay pri-atie& spirit#al practices "ay &o little to s#*-ert the agonistic nat#re #n&erlying li*eral cons#"eris"% Pic!stoc!$s chapter Postmodernism in Peter Sott and William !a"anau#h$s %he Bla&well 'eader in Politial %heolo#y 'ill highlight the 'ay post"o&ernis" allo's for pri-atie& &e-otion, perpet#ates the separation  Francis Rothery, 31572688, Political Theology for Peace, April 2015 of clerical an& lay po'er an& &isg#ises the agon of the "ar!etplace% itchell$s (((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((( 1% )a !lohette, 1912 !hurh, *os+el and m+ire 'ill then *e reference& thro#gho#t the essay to reect on the 'ay (t Francis an& his )r&er contin#e& to s#pple"ent hierarchical so-ereignty rather than replace it% The *#rea#cratiation of religio#s instit#tions as a feat#re of *iopo'er aecting spirit#al for"ation 'ill then *e eplore& in 9oa!ley$s article Has the !hurh of n#land )ost its 'eason  an& Rothery$s Missional- m+ossi/le0 the death of institutional !hristianity and the re/irth of *(d. :retherton$s !hristianity and !ontem+orary Politis 'ill also ;#estion the 'ay li*eral statech#rch partnerships "ay potentially &istort the practices of Faith <esignate& =ro#ps .F<=s% +annah Aren&t$s ihmann in 1erusalem- A 'e+ort on the Banality of "il in-ites reection on the 'ay *#rea#cratic lang#age can create a lac! of e"pathy% itchell$s %he Fall of the !hurh an& !hurh, *os+el and m+ire  'ill also re-eal the 'ay transcen&ence has *een s#*s#"e& *y so-ereignty in the theological approach to !enosis inherent in "e&ie-al an& conte"porary Franciscan spirit#al for"ation% Finally in consi&ering the &e-elop"entof !enarchy in Franciscan for"ation, Fo#ca#lt, onathan (ac!s$ %he   2i#nity of 2i3erene, =raha" >ar&$s !ultural %ransformation and 'eli#ious Pratie and itchell an&  To"lin$s, .e&s, 2iso"erin# 4enarhy 'ill *e #se& to   &isc#ss   the creation of social practices that "a!e space 'here &ierence an& the other can *e engage& an& gifts echange& 'hich facilitate the practice of a politics of peace% The Third Order of the Society of St Francis  The ?#ropean Pro-ince of the Thir& )r&er of the (ociety of (t Francis in the Anglican 9o""#nion 'as fo#n&e& in 1/36%  Tertiaries re"ain in society *#t ta!e -o's to li-e o#t the ethos of a Franciscan R#le of @ife as a &isperse& co""#nity% There are no' "ore than three tho#san&  Francis Rothery, 31572688, Political Theology for Peace, April 2015 "e"*ers 'orl&'i&e, &i-i&e& into Pro-inces in ?#rope, theA"ericas, AsiaPaci4c, the Paci4c an& Africa% >ithin each Area there are @ocal gro#ps 'hich "eet "onthly% The 3 ai"s of the )r&er are 1% To "a!e es#s lo-e& an& !no'n e-ery'here2% To sprea& the spirit of lo-e an& har"ony an&3%To li-e si"ply% 2%  Recently the ?#ropean Pro-ince has *een eploring the etent to 'hich it is achie-ing its ai"s, partic#larly in the area of co""#nity  2% %he Manuel of the %hird Order of the Soiety of St Franis   - tssf.org.uk  an& spirit#al for"ation% There is also a sense of a nee& to reconnect 'ith or re&e4ne its p#rpose% (ince the )r&er 'as fo#n&e& ?#rope has #n&ergone "assi-e social an& political changes in the post 'ar era s#ch as increasing *iopo'er as &escri*e& *y Fo#ca#lt% The Anglican 9h#rch in general also reects a li*eral -ie' of society "ar!e& *y a tolerance of &ierence *#t at the sa"e ti"e coll#&ing 'ithits agonistic nat#re% Tolerance perhaps contri*#tes to "aintaining a !in& of &i&ence in a society an& ch#rch shape& *y neoli*eral -al#es rather than a 'holehearte& e"*race an& engage"ent 'ith &ierence an& the other% 9onse;#ently this a&-ersely aects the a*ility of the )r&erto for" Tertiaries that can engage in a lifestyle "ar!e& *y e"ptying o#t self, "a!ing space for the other an& engaging 'ith the" in the practice of peace"a!ing thro#gh self gi-ing% Political Factors Aecting Franciscan Formation !io"power and the #ommodi$cation of Spiritual Practices .Fo#ca#lt, 1//0, p% 1B01B1 'rites ‘ This *iopo'er 'as 'itho#t ;#estion an in&ispensa*le ele"ent in the &e-elop"ent of capitalis"C the latter 'o#l& not ha-e *eenpossi*le 'itho#t the controlle& insertion of *o&ies into the "achinery of pro&#ction an& the a&D#st"ent of the pheno"ena of pop#lation to econo"ic processes%$  Francis Rothery, 31572688, Political Theology for Peace, April 2015  The conse;#ence of *iopo'er is that nothing re"ains o#tsi&e the in#ence of the "ar!et an& the &isciplines that reg#late society for it to f#nction eciently an& eecti-ely% This has create& a *iopolitical 'orl& of total o*ser-ation an& control% >hat eect &oes li-ing in s#ch a society ha-e on the &e-elop"ent of spirit#al practicesE .an al!en*#rgh, 201B 3%  cites (la-oD ie!$s criticis" of >estern :#&&his" 'hich can *e #se& to ill#strate the in#ence of co""o&i4cationC ‘ie! ca#tions that 'hile "e&itation "ay see" to co"e fro" an e&gy co#nterc#lt#re, in fact A"ericans practice it in a 'ay that is often consistent 'ith cons#"erist capitalis"G $H%altho#gh ‘>estern :#&&his"$ presents itself as a re"e&y againstthe stressf#l tension of capitalist &yna"ics, allo'ing #s to f#nction as its perfect i&eological s#pple"ent H)ne is al"ost te"pte& to res#scitate the ol& infa"o#s arist clichI of religion as the opi#" of ‘the people$ as the i"aginary s#pple"ent to territorial "isery%  The >estern :#&&hist "e&itati-e stance is arg#a*ly the "ost ecient 'ay for #s to participate in capitalist &yna"ics 'hile retaining the  3%% (% an al!en*#rgh, %he dan#erous Amerian myth of or+orate s+irituality5 How in"oations of 6&arma6 and 7en are /ein# used to 8ustify dee+ly une9ual systems of +ower .(alon, (#n&ay, )ct 26, 201B appearance of "ental sanityH%$$ n other 'or&s rather than helping yogis *eco"e "ore socially conscio#s spirit#al 'arriors, :#&&hist "e&itation can get hiDac!e& *ythe stat#s ;#o% t only *rings #s a shallo' peace that "a!es #s less li!ely to ;#estion 'hat co#nts as nor"al%$ 9onte"porary Franciscan spirit#al for"ation "ay enco#nter si"ilar &ic#lties &#e to the eects of *iopo'er in the JK contet% >hen people #n&ergo for"ation 'ithin the Franciscan )r&er they &e-elop a R#le of @ife *y "eeting ;#arterly 'ith their Lo-ice =#ar&ian o-er a three year perio&% Together they &e-elop a str#ct#re of spirit#al &isciplines aro#n& the practices of ?#charist, Penitence, Prayer, (t#&y, (i"plicity, (elf&enial, >or!, Retreat an& )*e&ience% )*e&ience is epresse& in in&i-i&#al spirit#al &irection an& "onthly local gro#p atten&ance% Practices are channelle& thro#gh the 3 'ays of ser-ice>or!, (t#&y or Prayer% These practices are "ostly interprete& an& applie& in a pri-ate an& personal 'ay% Tertiary for"ation  Francis Rothery, 31572688, Political Theology for Peace, April 2015 also shapes Lo-ices pri"arily in the contet of pri-ate "eetings 'ith Lo-ice =#ar&ians an& (pirit#al <irectors% Altho#gh the (econ& Ai" of the )r&er is to *ring a spirit of lo-e an& har"ony in society, it is ;#estiona*le 'hether its practices help "e"*ers to &o so% nterestingly the &e-elop"ent of 'hat co#l& *e ter"e& fraternal or social practices in an eplicit 'ay are a*sent fro" for"ation% Lo-ices &o atten& local gro#ps 'here they epress their co""it"ent to the )r&er% +o'e-er, in these contets there is a ten&ency to regar& the R#le of @ife as an in&i-i&#al an& pri-ate "atter% <etails a*o#t &aily life an& co""it"ents to spirit#al practice "ay *e &isc#sse& in a general rather than a personal an& open "anner% This hasthe eect of reinforcing the i"pression create& in the pri-ate nat#re of Franciscan for"ation that spirit#ality is a pri-ate an& personal "atter% The for"ation that occ#rs in these co""#nal contets also ten&s to ha-e a *ias to'ar&s s#pporting other organiations in-ol-e& in ai& an&relief 'or! aro#n& the 'orl&% This e"phasis can also i"plythat 'hat is re;#ire& in ter"s of social practice as a  Tertiary is prayer an& 4nancial s#pport to other organiations% f social action is #n&erta!en it is i"plie& that the *est 'ay to &o so is thro#gh organiational an& proce&#ral "eans rather than in a &irect an& interpersonal'ay% Placating Li%eral &egemony or 'ngaging Shalomic  (ustice)  The e"phasis &escri*e& a*o-e &oes not help Tertiaries to *eco"e channels of peace in society% Rather a tacit co"plicity 'ith the neoli*eral stat#s ;#o is "aintaine& along 'ith the ass#"ption that neoli*eral hege"ony is in alliance 'ith 9hristianity% n this 'ay the agonistic nat#re #n&erlying li*eral cons#"eris" is perhaps perpet#ate& rather than s#*-erte&% n the for"ation &escri*e& a*o-e peace can *e #nconscio#sly ass#"e& to *e a pro&#ct that is &esire& or that one is see!ing to possess rather than
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