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a vision of the future-national development within an IT context by Ajayi Opeyemi Impact

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A TERM PAPER ON A VISION OF THE FUTURE: NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT WITHIN IT CONTEXT ABSTRACT In almost every nation of the world, there is an insatiable desire to improve on the current economic situation no matter how good it seems. This explains the ratification of the United Nation’s millennium development goals (MDG’s) by world leaders at the turn of the millennium. In Nigeria, the National Vision 2020 (NV2020) has been adopted as a local tool for achieving the UN MDG’s and accelerate develo
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   A TERM PAPERONA VISION OF THE FUTURE: NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT WITHIN IT CONTEXT  2 ABSTRACT In almost every nation of the world, there is an insatiable desire to improve on the currenteconomic situation no matter how good it seems. This explains the ratification of the UnitedNation’s millennium development goals (MDG’s) by world leaders at the turn of the millennium.In Nigeria, the National Vision 2020 (NV2020) has been adopted as a local tool for achieving theUN MDG’s and accelerate development. This paper seeks to explore ways through which theNational Vision can be achieved through Information Technology (IT). Some parts of the visionwill be treated, the current state will be identified, goal state as stipulated in the national workingplan will be highlighted and the ‘how’ question will be answered in the context of IT.  3 INTRODUCTION  A vision is a clear mental picture of the future which must represent a significant improvementon the current state (NV2020/NCS 2008). Obviously, every country of the world has a desire toimprove on their current state. The amalgam of desire and action plan usually sums up the vision.In September 2000, world leaders, including those from Nigeria, met to ratify the UnitedNation’s millennium development goals. These goals were to be achieved within a period of 15years. They served as a vision for the world ; A ‘global’ vision.Recently, the Nigerian government came up with its own vision summed up as:“  By 2020 Nigeria will be one of the 20 largest economies in the world able to consolidateits leadership role in Africa and establish itself as a significant player in the globaleconomic and political arena. ” (NV2020/NCS 2008)The above declaration can be seen as a ‘local’ vehicle for achieving the global vision. However,history reminds us that as a nation, we have in the past had similar ‘local’ visions that achievednothing but left the citizenry in worse off conditions. Several factors have been responsible forthe failure of past government policies amongst which is the inability to tap into the power of Information Technology (IT).IT is the platform on which booming economies around us are built. Quality rice and groundnutoil production/exportation in Thailand, worldwide proliferation of Chinese mobile phonetechnologies and increased GDP brought about by sport in the UK amongst others are examplesof national economic transformation that were made possible through the power of IT.Nigeria cannot be an exception if she is to achieve her vision of becoming one of the top 20world economies by 2020. This paper will focus on some selected areas of the vision andhighlight ways through which IT can be used to actualize them and consequently acceleratenational development.  4 LITERATURE REVIEW ADOPTION OF A RESEARCH-BASED APPROACH  Prof. O.E. Osuagwu (Nsukka 2009) said “there is no field that will exist in this world withoutpassing through IT, whether Law, Medical Science, Anatomy, Marketing”.IT has gone a long way in nation development. To have full understanding of how the impactaffect a nation, a research-based approach is adopted. Researching which involves a methodicalinvestigation into a subject in order to discover facts. GOVERNMENT The application of IT to improve the activities of public sector organizations is widely seen as ameans to promote efficiency in public administration. As various studies have shown, e-Government goes beyond the introduction of technology. It calls for a paradigm shift, reforms inorganizations, new forms of leadership, and transformation of public-private partnerships tomake its impact effective (Allen et al, 2001 ). It entails changing process, which means changingpolicy.Inevitably, e-Government will affect economic, legal, and democratic values in the realm of public administration (Snijkers, 2005). It also supports good governance, which upholdstransparency, accountability, and participation by various stakeholders in society. EDUCATION Robertson stated that by 2000, students would be learning with the help of “virtualcommunities,” smart agents, and mentor networks and that without schools to staff, teacherswould no longer be necessary (Robertson 1998). Internet technology will be capable of providinguntold new advantages: transmitting, for example, a high-quality, live audiovisual image of theteachers themselves, thereby allowing them to combine personal and impersonal forms of distance-based teaching as appropriate. HEALTH Our main argument is that internet-based interventions can empower chronically-ill patients byproviding them with informative and support tools that can help them improve their health-related decision-making, and ultimately increase their quality of life and well-being. Betterdisease management by the patient can also result in lower health care costs for the health caresystem.
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