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Abbyjah Zest Pacia 8-Edison Science a Ms. Cortiguerra PERFORMANCE TASK “SEATBELT LAW” SEATBELT LAW Seatbelt legislations requires the fitting of seat belts to motor vehicles and the wearing of seat belts by motor vehicle occupants. Laws requiring the fitting of seat belts to cars have in some cases been followed by laws ma
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   Abbyjah Zest Pacia 8-Edison Science a Ms. Cortiguerra PERFORMANCE TASK  “SEATBELT LAW”   SEATBELT LAW Seatbelt legislations requires the fitting of  seat belts to motor vehicles and the wearing of seat belts by motor vehicle occupants. Laws requiring the fitting of seat belts to cars have in some cases been followed by laws mandating their use, with the effect that thousands of deaths on the road have been prevented. Different laws apply in different countries to the wearing of seat belts. 1.   HISTORY Introduction Belting up is now second nature to most people when they get in a vehicle but it took many years of campaigning to get the first law on the statute books. This is a brief history of how the battle for belts was won. 1973-74  A clause in the Conservative administrati on’s Road Traffic Bill concerning seat belts was introduced at Report stage in the Lords. The Bill was dropped on the dissolution of Parliament in 1974. 1973-74  A similar clause was also included in the Labour administration’s Road Traffic Bill. After a close vote at Report stage in the Lords, the clause was removed. In the new Parliament the Government introduced it as a separate Bill but the Second Reading debate was adjourned and never completed. 1974-75  A successful Lords passage. This time the Bill was adjourned at the Second Reading in the Commons. It was apparent that there was insufficient parliamentary time to discuss the Bill in the 1974-75 session. 1975-76 John Gilbert, Minister of Transport, introduced a Road Traffic (Seat Belts) Bill in February 1976. Later that year, in October, the Bill was due for its final Commons stages. It was hastily withdrawn from business when an earlier vote showed that “Only 99 MPs would be present instead of the necessary 100”.  1976-77 Two more seat belts Bills were introduced in this session. Both failed. The first - in spite of a majority of 110 at its Second Reading in the Commons - because of a decision to abandon it. There were “too few people in the House”. The second - after a successful passage through the Commons was defeated in the Lords by 55 votes to 53. 1978-79 In November 1978, Labour MP William Rodgers announced his intention to introduce a seat belts Bill. It completed its First and Second Readings in the House of Commons with a majority of “almost 100”. Labour lost the General Election in 1979 and their Bills were shelved. 1979-80 Neil Carmichael introduced a Private Members Bill for seat belt compulsion during this parliamentary session. A smooth passage through the Committee stage early in 1980 led to the Bill being “talked out” at the Report stage during September 1980.  1980 Lord Nugent of Guildford, RoSPA’s President, introduced a Private Members Bill through the Upper House. It gained a majority of 36 at the Second Reading. Yet again the Bill  failed for procedural reasons. 1981 Lord Nugent seized his chance with an amendment to the Transport Bill which introduced seat belt wearing for a trial period of three years. RoSPA's president triumphed and the Bill became law…at last.  January 31, 1983 The law on seat belt wearing came into force. 1986 Both Houses of Parliament voted overwhelmingly in favour of retaining the requirement permanently. 1989 Regulations came into effect for mandatory rear seatbelt wearing by children. 1991 Wearing a seat belt in the back of a car became compulsory. 2.   CONTENT OF THE LAW Most seatbelt legislation in the US is left to the states. However, the first seat belt law was a federal law,Title 49 of the United States Code, Chapter 301, Motor Vehicle Safety Standard, which took effect on January 1, 1968, that required all vehicles (except buses) to be fitted with seat belts in all designated seating positions. This law has since been modified to require three-point seat belts in outboard seating positions, and finally three-point seat belts in all seating positions. Initially, seat belt use was not compulsory. NY was the first state to pass a law which required vehicle occupants to wear seat belts, a law that came into effect on December 1, 1984. U.S. seatbelt legislation may be subject to primary enforcement or secondary enforcement. Primary enforcement allows a police officer to stop and ticket a driver if he observes a violation. Secondary enforcement means that a police officer may only stop or cite a driver for a seatbelt violation if the driver committed another primary violation (such as speeding, running a stop sign, etc.) at the same time. New Hampspire is the only U.S. state that does not by law require adult drivers to wear safety belts while operating a motor vehicle. 3.   SEC 1-6 Introductory Text  Payments for road safety     a.   1.Road safety grants b.   2.Application of surplus income from safety camera enforcement  Fixed penalties   c.   3.Graduated fixed penalties d.   4.Graduated fixed penalty points e.   5.Giving of fixed penalty notices by vehicle examiners f.   6.Goods vehicles operator licensing g.   7.Public passenger vehicle licensing  New system of endorsement    h.   8.Driving record i.   9.Unlicensed and foreign drivers  j.   10.All drivers  Deposits and prohibition on driving   k.   11.Financial penalty deposits l.   12.Prohibition on driving: immobilisation, removal and disposal of vehicles  Drink-driving etc.  m.   13.High risk offenders: medical enquiries following disqualification n.   14.Period of endorsement for failure to allow specimen to be tested o.   15.Alcohol ignition interlocks p.   16.Experimental period for section 15  Speeding   q.   17.Penalty points r.   18.Speed assessment equipment detection devices s.   19.Exemptions from speed limits  New offences   t.   20.Causing death by careless, or inconsiderate, driving u.   21.Causing death by driving: unlicensed, disqualified or uninsured drivers v.   22.Offence of keeping vehicle which does not meet insurance requirements  Increases in penalties   w.   23.Careless, and inconsiderate, driving x.   24.Breach of requirements relating to children and seat belts y.   25.Using vehicle in dangerous condition etc. z.   26.Breach of requirements as to control of vehicle, mobile telephones etc. aa.   27.Power of police to stop vehicle bb.   28.Furious driving cc.   29.Breach of duty to give information as to identity of driver etc.  Other provisions about offences   dd.   30.Meaning of driving without due care and attention ee.   31.Extension of offence in section 3A of Road Traffic Act 1988 ff.   32.Alternative verdict on unsuccessful culpable homicide prosecution gg.   33.Alternative verdict on unsuccessful manslaughter prosecution   Attendance on courses   hh.   34.Penalty points ii.   35.Reduced disqualification period for attendance on course  Driving standards    jj.   36.Driving tests kk.   37.Disqualification until test is passed   ll.   38.Granting of full licence mm.   39.Compulsory surrender of old-form licences nn.   40.Fee for renewal of photocard licence and issue of certain alternative licences oo.   41.Driver training pp.   42.Driving instruction qq.   43.Tests: approved assistants  Regulation of registration plate suppliers   rr.   44.Enforcement authorities ss.   45.Registration plates tt.   46.Extension to Scotland and Northern Ireland  Information   uu.   47.Particulars to be included in vehicles register vv.   48.Records of goods vehicle examinations ww.   49.Disclosure to foreign authorities of licensing and registration information  Level crossings   xx.   50.Safety arrangements at level crossings yy.   51.Delegation of power to make level crossing orders  Hackney carriages and private hire vehicles   zz.   52.Immediate suspension and revocation of drivers' licences aaa.   53.  Abolition of “contract exemption”   bbb.   54.Private hire vehicles in London  Miscellaneous   ccc.   55.Trunk road picnic areas ddd.   56.Vehicles modified to run on fuel stored under pressure eee.   57.Powers to regulate transport of radioactive material fff.   58.Minor corrections  Supplementary   ggg.   59.Repeals and revocations hhh.   60.Power to make amendments iii.   61.Commencement  jjj.   62.Extent kkk.   63.Short title 

Labor Code

Jul 24, 2017
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