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Art Vocabulary

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2 Sir Winston Churchill Square Edmonton, AB, Canada T5J 2C1 T: 780.422.6223 F: 780.426.3105 youraga.ca General Art Vocabulary Reviewing vocabulary can be helpful in preparing your students for their AGA experience. You may use this list as an art vocabulary reference and choose words that apply to your program or lesson. Students can practice this vocabulary with a suggested vocabulary activity, found in the Teacher Resources section. The list is broken into: Museum Vocabulary, People and
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  2 Sir Winston Churchill Square Edmonton, AB, Canada T5J 2C1T: 780.422.6223 F: 780.426.3105your aga .ca General Art Vocabulary Reviewing vocabulary can be helpful in preparing your students for their AGA experience. You may use this list as an art vocabulary reference and choose words that apply to your program or lesson. Students can practice this vocabulary with a suggested vocabulary activity, found in the Teacher Resources section.The list is broken into: Museum Vocabulary, People and Occupations, Art Media & Techniques, Genres of Art, and Art Concepts. art [ahrt] The definition of art is controversial in contemporary philosophy. Whether art can be defined has been a matter of controversy. The philosophical usefulness of a definition of art has also been debated. When discussing art with your students explore the definition of art together or create your own! MUSEUM VOCABULARY Art exhibition An organized presentation and display of a collection of objects to the public. Exhibitions usually occur within museums, galleries and exhibition halls.Frame An enclosing border or case made to support or protect a work of art. Also a concept (to frame) meaning to adapt or describe something from a particular perspective. Similarly, reframe means to redescribe, or relabel from a different perspective.Gallery A room or series of rooms where works of art are exhibited.Museum A building or institution which houses a collection of objects having scientific, historical or artistic value.Traveling exhibition A type of exhibition that is available for circulation on a local, national or international level. PEOPLE and OCCUPATIONS Architect A professional who designs buildings or other structures, or who prepares plans and supervises construction.Curator A person who manages, administers or organizes a collection, either independently or employed by a museum, library, archive or zoo.  2 Sir Winston Churchill Square Edmonton, AB, Canada T5J 2C1T: 780.422.6223 F: 780.426.3105your aga .ca Exhibition guide A person thoroughly trained on art exhibitions who leads tours through gallery spaces and facilitates interaction with artworks.Model A person who poses for an artist, or an object used as an example for an artist to follow when creating a work of art. Other meanings include: a small copy or image that represents a larger object, or the concept of constructing a model of something (to model).Museum educator A person thoroughly trained on art exhibitions who leads school groups through gallery spaces and facilitates interaction with the art.Painter An artist who paints pictures.Printmaker An artist who makes prints.Sculptor An artist who produces sculpture. ART MEDIA & TECHNIQUES Collage A form of art in which a variety of materials (e.g., photographs, fabric, objects) are glued to a flat background.Digital art Artwork created using digital technologies either in the production or the output of the art work.Drawing A picture, likeness, diagram or representation, usually drawn on paper with a pencil, crayon, pen, chalk, pastels, etc. Also refers to the act of representing something by hand.Etching A printmaking technique: an intaglio process in which an image is scratched through an acid-resistant coating on a metal plate. The plate is then dipped in acid which eats into the exposed surface. Also describes the impression made from an etched plate.Found objects This indicates the use of an object which has not been designed for an artistic purpose, but which exists for another purpose already.Lithography Printmaking technique based on the principle that oil and water do not mix. The artist uses plates whose image areas attract ink and whose non image areas repel ink. Non image areas may be coated with water to repel the oily ink or may have a surface, such as silicon, that repels ink.  2 Sir Winston Churchill Square Edmonton, AB, Canada T5J 2C1T: 780.422.6223 F: 780.426.3105your aga .ca Medium Material or technique that artist works in. Also describes the component of paint in which the pigment is dispersed.Mixed media A form of art where an artist employs different types of physical materials such as ink and pastel or painting and collage etc. and combines them in a single artwork.Mosaic An art medium in which small pieces of colored glass, stone, or ceramic tile called tessera are embedded in a background material such as plaster or mortar. Also describes works made using this technique.Mural A large wall painting, oen executed in fresco.Painting An illustration or artwork done with the use of paint(s).Photography The art and technology of producing images on photosensitive surfaces, and its digital counterpart.Printmaking The process by which a work of art can be recreated in great quantity from a single image usually prepared from a plate.Sculpture Any three-dimensional form created as an artistic expression. Sculpture is primarily concerned with space: occupying it, relating to it, and influencing the perception of it.Sketch Rough drawing used to capture the basic elements and structure of a situation and is oen used as the basis for a more detailed work.Sound art A diverse group of art practices that considers wide notions of sound, listening and hearing as its predominant focus.Woodcut Prints produced when the srcinal printing plate is engraved on a block of wood. It is one of the oldest methods of printing, dating back to 8th century China. GENRES OF ART Installation A genre of art which incorporates any media, including the physical features of a site, to create a conceptual experience in a particular environment.Landscape A painting, drawing or photograph which depicts outdoor scenery. They typically include trees, streams, buildings, crops, mountains, wildlife, rivers and forests.Portrait A painting, photograph, or other artistic representation of a person.  2 Sir Winston Churchill Square Edmonton, AB, Canada T5J 2C1T: 780.422.6223 F: 780.426.3105your aga .ca Self portrait A portrait an artist makes using himself or herself as its subject, typically drawn or painted from a reflection in a mirror or photograph.Still life A painting or other two-dimensional work of art representing inanimate objects such as fruit and flowers. Also describes the arrangement of these objects from which a drawing, painting, or other artwork is made. CONCEPTS in ART Elements of Art The elements of art are the building blocks of an artistic creation, a “visual language” or “visual alphabet” used by the artist: line, shape, form, colour, texture, space and value.Colour Colour describes that which is perceived when light hits and reflects off of an object. The three properties of color are Hue (name of a colour), Intensity (strength of a colour) and Value (lightness or darkness of a colour). The primary colors are red, yellow, and blue; every color except white can be created from various blending of these three colours.Form A form is set apart by definite contour and takes up space, used to refer to a shape that is depicted in three rather than two dimensions.Line The path of a point that moves through space. Line can be described in terms of width, direction, movement, length, curvature, and even color.Shape Two-dimensional form that encloses space within a defined contour (ie. circle, square, rectangle, triangle).Texture The tactile surface characteristics of an artwork which are either felt or perceived visually.Value The relative lightness or darkness of tones or colors. For example, white and yellow have a light value; black and violet have a dark value.Principles of Design The ways in which the Elements of Art are organized are referred to as the Principles of Design. In other words, they are the basic aesthetic considerations that guide organization of a work of art. They include rhythm, movement, balance, contrast, proportion, economy, emphasis, space, harmony, unity, and variety.Balance A feeling of equality in weight, attention, or attraction of the various elements within a composition as a means of accomplishing unity. This can be done through symmetry, asymmetry, or radial (circular) design.

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Jul 23, 2017
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