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ICWES15 - The Boundaries of Women's Rights: Activism and Aspirations in the Society of Women Engineers, 1946-1980. Presented by Ms Lauren A Kata, United States

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1. The Boundaries of Women’s Rights: Activism and Aspirations in the Society of Women Engineers <ul><li>Lauren Kata, MA…
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  • 1. The Boundaries of Women’s Rights: Activism and Aspirations in the Society of Women Engineers <ul><li>Lauren Kata, MA </li></ul><ul><li>ICWES 15 </li></ul><ul><li>July 20, 2011 </li></ul>
  • 2. 1950 - SWE Founding
  • 3. Professional Opportunities for Women Engineers, post-WWII <ul><li>Limited opportunities, despite employment increase in WWII </li></ul><ul><li>Only a handful of women in engineering programs </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Societies denied full membership to women </li></ul>
  • 7. <ul><li>Conservative Board of Directors </li></ul><ul><li>Members conflict over increase in activism </li></ul><ul><li>Tax Status for non-profit organizations </li></ul>Collective Action 1950s, 60s
  • 8. 1973 New Leaders Make Change <ul><li>Formation of “Federation of Professional Women” </li></ul><ul><li>Affiliation with National Society of Professional Engineers </li></ul><ul><li>Endorsement of the ERA </li></ul>
  • 9. A Moderate Feminist Organization
  • 10. Gradual Retreat <ul><li>SWE members in non-ratified states </li></ul><ul><li>Mainstream women’s movement anti-defense agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Indictments on technology </li></ul>
  • 11. A Legacy Outside the Mainstream Women’s Movement
  • 12. <ul><li>Society of Women Engineers Archives, Walter P. Reuther Library, Wayne State University - Images and References </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary Sources </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Bledstein, Burton.  The Culture of Professionalism: The Middle Class and the </li></ul><ul><li>Development of Higher Education in America.  New York: Norton, 1976. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Hartmann, Susan.  The Other Feminists: Activists in the Liberal Establishment.  New </li></ul><ul><li>                            Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1998. </li></ul><ul><li>Oldenziel, Ruth. “Multiple-Entry Visas: Gender and Engineering in the US, 1870-1945.” Crossing </li></ul><ul><li>Boundaries, Building Bridges: Comparing the History of Women Engineers, </li></ul><ul><li>1870s-1990s.  Edited by Annie Canel, Ruth Oldenziel, and Karin Zachmann, 11-50. Amsterdam: Harwood Academic ; Abingdon : Marston, 2000. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Rossiter, Margaret.  Women Scientists in America: Struggles and Strategies to 1940.  </li></ul><ul><li>  Vol. 1 of Women Scientists in America.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982.  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>---.  Women Scientists in America: Before Affirmative Action, 1945-1970.  Vol. 2 of </li></ul><ul><li>                            Women Scientists in America.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Scott, Anne Firor.  Natural Allies: Women’s Associations in American History.  University </li></ul><ul><li>                            of Illinois Press, 1991. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>References
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