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Indispensable implication Of Sunna and caution against innovation

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1. implication Indispensable implication Indispensable Sunna Of Sunna andd an caution againstinnovation cau tion against innovation By By Hi~ Eminence Sheikh: His…
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  • 1. implication Indispensable implication Indispensable Sunna Of Sunna andd an caution againstinnovation cau tion against innovation By By Hi~ Eminence Sheikh: His Eminence Sh€ikh: A B D T ' { Z I 7 B I { B T I TI I . { H B I B { 7 ABDU. I AZIZ 81: ARDlJLLAH BIN BAZ Trrnslrlrd by: Translated by: Mtrh!mmadRaquibuddin Hussain, Muhammad Raquibuddin Hussain, and Suhaib Abdul Ghallar. H. Suhaib H. Abdul GhaHar. l'rimed llnd publi~hcd I'ritrred xrd publi!hcd h}':: hy Prl'sidenQ u f Islamic Research. Pr€sid€n.! of Islamic Reserrch. Uta Propagation, lind Guidance. Iflo ProDr8.tior, otrd Guiddce ASSISTANT AGENCY ASSISTANT AGENCY IoR "'OR PRI~TI!'IG AND TRANSLATION PRTITING TRANSLATION Ri}'adh, ,Kinlldomm f Saudi i ~rabia, R i y r d h X i n g d o (If S r u d A r a b i o Wrlf (EDdo*metrt- Grrllr) Wakf (Endowment· Grali0 1992/l4t3 1992/1413
  • 2. Indispensableimplication Indispensable Of Sunna Of Sunna and crution rgeinst innovation caution against
  • 3. Indispensable implication Indispensable implication Of Sunna Of SUDDa and and caution against innovation caution against innovatioD By By His Eminence His Eminence Sheikh: Sheikh: ABDUL ABDULLAH ABDUL AZIZ BIN ABDULLAH BIN BAZ Translatedby: Translated by: MuhammadRaquibuddinHussain, Muhammad Raquibuddin Hussain, and and Suhaib Abdul Ghaffar. Suhaib H. Abdul Ghaffar. Printed and published by: Presidency of Islrmic Research, of Islamic Ifta Propagation, and Guidance. Iftr Proprgrtion, rnd Guidrnce. ASSISTANT AGENCY FOR PRINTING AND TRANSLATION PRINTING AND TRANSLATION Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia lVakf (Endowment -- Gratif) Wakf (Endowment Gratif) r99?,/1413 1992/1413
  • 4. In the name of Allah the most Gracious the most Merciful In the name of Allah the most the most Merciful Indispensable of Sunna Indispensableimplication of Sunna and caution against innovation against All praise be to Allah who completedthe religion for us, All praise completed religion us, perfectedthe blessingon us and chose Islam as our religion. perfected blessing us chose Islam as religion. blessings and peacebe upon His servant and Apostle, May the blessings p~ace servant Apostle, who calledupon peopleto obey his Lord and cautionedagainst called people obey his and cautioned against innovation and disobedience; And may Allah extravagance, innovation and disobedience; extravagance, bless his posterity, his companionsand those who follow his bless his posterity, his companions and those his footsteps till the Day of Judgement. footsteps the of Judgement. I have been acquainted with the article publishedin the first have been acquainted the article published the first pageof the weeklymagazine<Edarat>> the Kanpur, Industrial page of the weekly magazine «Edarat» of the Kanpur, Industrial of Pradesh India, which containsan implied cam- city of Utter Pradesh in India, which contains an implied cam- Saudi Arabia, its adherence paign against the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, its adherence to paign againstthe Kingdom the Islamiccreed,and its opposition innovations.The writer the Islamic creed, and its opposition to innovations. The writer allegesthat the creed the Salaf (Early adherents Islam) alleges that the creed of the Salaf (Early adherents to Islam) which is held SaudiKingdom does agree the Sunna. which is held by Saudi Kingdom does not agree with the Sunna. By this, the writer aims at creatingdivision amongstthe Ahl'l By this, the writer aims at creating division amongst the AhPI Sunna and encouraging the innovations and superstitions. This Sunnaand encouraging innovationsand superstitions. the This doubt, is most abominableand dangerousand aims attitude, no doubt, is most abominable and dangerous and aims attitude, Islam and spreadinginnovations at offending the Religion of Islam and spreading innovations at offending the Religion truth. Furthermore, the article and deviations from the truth. Furthermore, the article and deviations from the clearlyon the subject celebrating Prophet's the concentrates clearly on the subject of celebrating the Prophet's concentrates birthday as an excuse discuss creed the Kingdom and birthday as an excuse to discuss the creed of the Kingdom and the its rulers.Therfore, consider necessary enlightenthe Peo- to its rulers. Therfore, I consider it necessary to enlighten the Peo- help of Allah, I say: Ple on this subject. So seeking help of Allah, I say: Ple on this subject.So seeking It is not permissible celebrate birthday of the Apostle, It is not permissible to celebrate the birthday of the Apostle, to the and peaceof Allah be upon him) or some- (May the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) or some- (May the blessings body else.In fact, it must be stopped,as it is an innovationin body else. In fact, it must be stopped, as it is an innovation in 3
  • 5. the religion. The Apostle of Allah (May the blessingsand the religion. The Apostle of the blessings and Peaceof Allah be upon him) neither celebratedit, nor com- Peace of be neither celebrated com- mandedothersto do this for himself. or for any one who died manded others this himself. anyone died before him amongstthe Prophets,for his daughtershis wives, before amongst the Prophets, his daughters his wives, or his other relatives. The rightly guided Caliphs the his relatives. The guided Caliphs the Companions of the Prophet (May Allah be pleasedwih them) Companions the Prophet be pleased them) or the successors who rightly followed them did not celebrate the successors who followed them celebrate this event, nor did anyone of the muslim scholars in the centuries this event, any one of the muslim scholars the centuries before. before. They knew the Sunnah of the Prophet (May the peaceand They knew Sunnah of peace blessings of Allah be upon him) best, they loved him more, and blessings of Allah best, loved more, followed the Shari'a better than those who came after them. if followed the Shari'a better than those cameafter them. if celebratinghis birthday was a good deed, they celebrating his birthday was a good deed, they would have have done it. done We are commanded to follow and forbidden to innovate. are commanded and forbidden innovate. This is because the perfection the Islamic religion and the This is because of the perfection of the Islamic religion and the of Sufficiency of what and Messenger have given us Sufficiency of what Allah and His Messenger have given us and are accepted Ahl'al-Sunna wal-jama'at-. The Muslim and are accepted by Ahl-al-Sunna wal-jama'at-. The Muslim community of the companions and those who followed them in community the companionsand those followed them the best way. the best way. is related the prophet and peace It is related to the prophet (May the blessings and peace of the blessings Allah be upon him) that he said: «He who innovates something be upon him) he said: <He who innovatessomething in this matter of ours that is not of it, will have it rejected». this matter ours is have rejected>. (Transmitted (Transmitted by AI-Bukhari and Muslim). According to Al-Bukhari and Muslim). According reported: <<whoever Muslim who reported: «whoever does an act which is not in does an act is agreement with our matter, will have it rejected» In another agreement matter, have rejected> another tradition the Prophet said: «You must keep to my Sunna and of tradition the Prophetsaid: <<You must keep Sunnaand the Sunna of the rightly-guided Caliphs, cling to it firmly». the Sunna the rightly-guided Caliphs, cling firmly>. «Beware of newly invented matters, for every new matter is an <<Beware newly inventedmatters, every new matter is an innovation and every innovation is misleading» He used to say innovation and everyinnovation is misleading> used say in every Friday sermon: «The best discourse is the Book of every Friday sermon: <The best discourseis the Book and the bestguidanceis the guidance Muhammad the Allah and the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad the 4
  • 6. Apostle of Allah, and the worst matter is that of innovation and Apostle of Allah, and the worst matter is that of innovation and every innovation is misleading>. Thus, these traditions contain every innovation is misleading». Thus, these traditions contain a strong caution against innovations and a warning that such an a strong caution against innovations and a warning that such an act is a deviation from the right course. The Prophet (May the act is a deviation from the right course. The Prophet (May the blessingsand peace of Allah be upon him) warned the people blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) warned the people of the gravity of theseinnovations and of their bad consequenc- of the gravity of these innovations and of their bad consequenc- es. There are many traditions adduced in this connection. And es. There are many traditions adduced in this connection. And the Almighty has said: the Almighty has said: {trosti e;l ,,.(* tr-9o.zjetiJ.rJl nK;r, LtF .Iv-o 1] <So take «So take what the Messenger gives you, and refrain from what Messengergives he prohibits you> (59:7) Allah, Mosr High said he prohibits you» (59:7). . Allah, Most High said: : Ji 6 ~ -:.>i o.;oi ~ ~yil~ ~..ul )~t r'l-st Jl ;,:i Fr.r"J rri o.l"i f JJrJtit jJ$l Jir..JiF .[ir:"tJ ~~i .[rr:Yr] {di Y,J&. ~ +l.io war" <<Then thosebeware let withstandthe Messenger's «Then let those beware who withstand the Messenger's order, order, Lest some trial befall them. or a grievousChastisement be Lest some befall them. a grievous Chastisementbe inflicted them» (24:63. inflicted on them)) (24:63). Allah, the Almighty said. Allah, the Almighty said. y;.;!. -:.>~ ~ ~ 0J-'i .i», JJ-') ~ ~ 05 -riJF ~~ -,rJ 06.it Ak' 6-fi nr J-r-.rd n^(J ..lQJt .[" :rrt 4'.# .rY :rr] {U{ a' .J'~J rrlt edl.l dltl ~, -{ts .r~' ~JoJ'J ~, <Ye have indeed in the Messengerof Allah an excellent «Ye have indeed the Messenger of excellent exemplerfor him who hopesin Allah and the final day, and who exempler hopes day, remember much.» (33:21) remember Allah much.>> (33:21) And Allah the Almighty said. the Almighty said. itiJl: ;La;Trj a;4alr U OjJ.glrO3iJhb 5
  • 7. ,~ ' t dr" d *i.l e l-tosy f~ ArtsreJ F ~ ~ ..toIJ ~ 'J""')J dll ~I~) t'--,tt F^J'dl ~~4 ~~I r . .-1r{di,,tr;drcJri 1J~..u:.t *r' h* qrr+ [' · ·-'] ~~, JJAJ' ~~ i+i hrord ~'J' ~ '-i';' J.!t «The vangured of Islam the first of those who forsook their <<The vangured of Islam the first of those who forsook their homes and of those who gave them aid, and also those who homes of those gave also those followed them in all good deeds,well - Pleasedis Allah with followed deeds, - Pleased them as are they with Him. For them hath He prepared gardens as with Him. prepared gardens under which rivers flow, to dwell therin forever, that is the rivers flow, forever, supremeTriumph> (9:100). And Allah, the Almighty said: supreme Triumph» (9: 100). the said: ~ ~ ~J ~~ ~ ~ ~~" ,j"-, *SJt c.".ei3nftr F c-lJi fClF .[r:o1 ~~~ ~~~, ~ tPs1 .[",:oJ 4r*, f)t-]l F ~)J <This day have I perfectedyour religion for you, completed «This have perfected completed My favour upon you and have chosen for favour upon and have chosen you Islam as your Islam as religion» (5:3). This verse decisively indicates that the Almighty religion> (5:3). versedecisivelyindicates the Allah has completed the religion has completed the religion this and has for this Ummah, and has showered His blessings on them. showered blessings them. Prophet (May the peaceand blessings His Prophet (May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon be upon he had imparted the complete him) passed away only after he had imparted the complete passed away the Ummah as well as his legislations message of Allah to the Ummah as well as his legislations co- message co- all things ncerning sayings and deeds. He also stressed that all things in- ncerning sayingsand deeds.He also stressed vented by people and then attributed vented by people and then attributed to the religion of Islam the religion Islam be rejected, even if their inventors did are innovations and to be rejected, even if their inventors did are innovations and so in good faith. so in good faith. that the Companions of the Prophet (May It is established that the Companions of the Prophet (May It is established and peaceof Atlah be upon him) and the righteous the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and the righteous the blessings after them warned the people againstinnovations as successors after them warned the people against innovations as successors what is not permitted by Allah, they add to Islam and legislate what is not permitted by Allah, they add to Islam and legistate in line with the enemiesof Allah such as the Jews and the in line with the enemies of Allah such as the Jews and the Christianswho addedto their religion and innovatedwhat was Christians who added to their religion and innovated what was 6
  • 8. allowed Moreover, innovation not allowed by Allah. Moreover, to admit innovation in Is- Is- incomplete and imperfect. Such lam is incompleteand imperfect. Such a belief is not only.an evil but contradicts the following verse: <This day have II per- contradicts verse: «This have fected you». And sayings of fected your religion for you>. And the sayingsof the Prophet us against innovations. which warn us against innovations. To celebrate the anniversary of the birth of Prophet and the celebrate anniversary of birth of others, means that the Religion is not perfected by Allah (the others, means perfected Allah Galorious, the Almighty) for this <Ummah>, and the Apostle Galorious, the «Ummah», and Apostle did not impart to the peoplewhat was necessary people was necessary regarding their regarding religious duties, till these late onesappearedand inventedin the religious duties, till theselate ones appeared invented religion what is not permitted by Allah, thinking that this would religion is permitted bring them nearer to Allah. them nearer Undoubtedly, this is a great danger and is tantamount to Undoubtedly, great danger criticzing Allah the Almighty and the Prophet (Peacebe upon criticzing the and Prophet (Peace be him): whereas Allah the Almighty has already completed the whereas the Almighty has already completed religion and perfected His grace, and the Prophet (peacebe upon religion and perfected grace, (peace be him) has conveyed the message openly and informed the Ummah has conveyedthe message openly of all such ways that will lead them to the Paradise and save atl such ways that lead them the Paradiseand save them from Hell-fire. them According an authentic the authority of According to an authentic Hadith, on the authority of Abdullah ben Amr ben AI-As the Messenger of Allah (Peace ben ben Al-As the Messenger (Peace be upon him) said: Allah Ta'ala «the Almighty» did not send be upon him) said: <the Almighty> send a Prophet obliged lead his people the best a Prophet but obliged him to lead his people to the best way which is known him, and warn them againstthe worst which which is known to him, and warn them against the worst which (Transmitted is known to him. (Transmitted by Muslim). is Prophet (peacebe upon him) is the It is well-known that our Prophet (peace be upon him) is the It is well-known that best all the prophets,the last and the most perfect them best of all the prophets, the last and the most perfect of them regarding the way he conveyed the messageand advised his regarding the way he conveyed the message and advised his people. people. Had the celebration beenan act Religion chosen Had the celebration of Milad been an act of Religion chosen by Altah for His servants, the Prophet would have either by Allah for His servants, the Prophet would have either explainedthat to his people, would have celebrated during his explained that to his people, would have celebrated it during his 7
  • 9. life, or his Companions would have done it. As these did not life, or his Companionswould have done it. As thesedid not happen, it becomes clear that Islam has no concern with Milad. happen,it becomes clear that Islam hasno concernwith Milad. On the contrary, it is one of the innovations against which the On the contrary, it is one of the innovationsagainstwhich the Prophet has warned his people as mentioned earlier. Prophet has warned his people as mentioned earlier. A host of scholars have not only rejected the celebration A host of scholars have not only rejected the celebration of Milad but have warned againstit in view of the evidences Milad but have warned against it in view of the evidences given given above. above. According to the rule of the Islamic Shari'a all matters According to the rule of the Islamic Shari'a matters regarding legalization or prohibition and regarding legalization or prohibition and all disputes among the disputes among people, should be referred to the people, should be referred to the Book of Allah and the Sunnah and the Sunnah of His Messenger(Peacebe upon of His Messenger (Peace be upon him) in line with the saying line the sayiqg of of Allah: j0, i *tT -*i wr ;"uiiJ*4 -: jj, d-qX dii J'J-'f~tr,i.r::*: Ji'irri~ "~',~ iJ., A~G~ i FJ J J ~~ t..' ~~ t.. ii;r;'u"{ .. r ~ (,.is J.hlt JI uIIt# r,r -pi.u irr ~ 6J} J~;'j ~r Jl oJSJ ~~J~jJ ~~~ ~ ;~, of j+lJT i& iq .[O~:t]] ~~~~ ~ij, ~~ ~~, ,~jJrj ~..~ ~~jf ;;;ii e ou.3;-ji tc( .[o1:t {r^*;L (O ye A. «0 ye who believe obey Allah and obey the Messenger believeobey obey Messenger and thosecharged those charged with authority among you. If ye differ in anything among If ye anything among yourselves,refer among yourselves, refer it to Allah and his Messenger,if ye do his Messenger, if ye believe and believe in Allah and the Last Day: That is bestand most suitable Last best and most suitable determination>> (4:59). for final determination» (4:59). And Allah The Almighty said: Almighty said: .r._t",] '.LJlr" ~ ,,? u E F}l't}t JT .['.-ryr{+itT lB,Ai ~ 4..i ~ii.' uj} '1(.. Jt 4$. ~~ ,.... .0 ' ~ 0'10. B. <<Whatever be wherein ye differ, the decision thereof is «Whatever itit wherein differ, decision with Allah> (42:10). Allah» (42:10). Referring this issue back to the Book of Allah, we find it issue to of Allah, find it ordaining upon us to follow the Messengerof Allah (peacebe us follow Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) in his Commandments and warns us against what Commandments us against what everhe prohibits. Furthermoreit tells us that Allah has perfected ever prohibits. Furthermore it tells us that Allah has perfected 8
  • 10. the religion for the people. So, as long as Milad is not among the religion for the people. So, as long as Milad is not among the teachings of the Prophet (peacebe upon him), it cannot be a the teachings of the Prophet (peace be upon him), it cannot be a part of the religion which Allah has perfected for us and asked part of the religion which Allah has perfected for us and asked us to adhere to by following the Prophet. us to adhere to by following the Prophet. Again when we refer this issue back to the Sunnah, of the Again when we refer this issue back to the Sunnah, of the Messengerof Allah (peacebe upon him), we do not find either Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), we do not find either the Prophet or the companions doing it by themselves ask- the Prophet or the Companions doing it by themselves or ask- or ing others to do it, So it becomesevident that Milad, is ing others to do it, So it becomes evident that Milad, is not a
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