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Monash Science Physics Brochure 2015

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Monash Science Physics Brochure 2015
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  Michael Fuhrer Physics Professor Professor Michael Fuhrer is a condensed matter physicist working at the forefront of two-dimensional (2D) materials, such as graphene – a single atomic layer of graphite found in ordinary “lead” pencils. He joined Monash in January 2013, from the University of Maryland in the United States, where he was the Director of the Centre for Nanophysics and Advanced Materials. He has conducted ground-breaking research into graphene, showing how this material conducts electricity at room temperature better than any known substance, and can be used to detect infrared light with great sensitivity. At Monash, Professor Fuhrer has set up a new Centre for 2D Materials, where his research team are investigating graphene and a wide range of novel 2D layered materials, with applications in the emerging area of spintronics and nanoscale electronics; optoelectronics, photovoltaics (solar cells) and topological insulators.  These new materials have the potential to revolutionise electronics by creating a low energy alternative to silicon-based computers. Professor Fuhrer’s cutting edge research is carried out in the $175M New Horizons Centre, which houses the School of Physics research laboratories – providing state-of-the-art facilities that supports transformational research into new and exciting 21st century science. Visit monash.edu/science-stories and watch ‘Making the connection’ for more about Michael’s work. Chris Whittle BSc Student Studying Science at Monash has allowed me to enjoy flexibility in the selection of my subjects so I can build my degree around my passions. The structure of the offered degrees suited the vision I had for my studies, accommodating acceleration in areas of particular interest. Collaboration with physics researchers has been a highlight of my studies. I intend to continue in physics research, and I am excited by the prospect of further experiencing the ground-breaking new facilities. Katie Auchettl PhD One of the biggest open questions in modern day astrophysics is the srcin of highly energetic, extra-terrestrial particles called cosmic rays. Supernova remnants are considered the main source of cosmic rays and in my research I attempt to understand the mechanism in which these objects produce these particles.  As a Monash PhD student, I have been able to collaborate with particle physicist A/Prof. Csaba Balazs and astrophysicist Dr Jasmina Lazendic-Galloway to apply the foundations I learnt during my undergraduate degrees in physics and mathematics at Monash to tackle this problem from a particle and astrophysical perspective. Through the support and connections of my supervisors and the Monash University physics department, we were able to set up an international collaboration with senior astrophysicist Dr Patrick Slane from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA).  This collaboration has led to the opportunity for me to be able to spend the last year and half of my PhD as a Smithsonian  Astrophysical Observatory pre-doctoral fellow at CfA, working directly with Pat, while still collaborating closely with Jasmina and Csaba. This fellowship has been able to enrich my Monash PhD experience by opening up many more opportunities. Daniele Pelliccia Research Fellow Dr Pelliccia is developing techniques and devices to be used in laboratories. One of his projects is the development of a compact X-ray microscope to produce high-resolution X-ray pictures of living cells. He is also looking at ways of improving the sensitivity of  X-ray instruments to decrease the radiation dose used in medical procedures, such as mammograms. Dr Pelliccia is excited by the progress he has made.“Experiments that were not possible ten years ago – or only with the best synchrotron in the world – today that can be done in a small lab”.With applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, one of Dr Pelliccia’s most ground-breaking experiments is the 3-D visualisation of engineered bone and soft tissue.Dr Pellicia is also working on X-ray imaging of muscles, a very promising technique which will avoid the distortion caused by staining in optical microscopy. Dr Pelliccia and his team use both lab-based and synchrotron X-ray sources. A synchrotron is a large machine that creates extremely bright light, a million times brighter than the sun, by accelerating electrons almost to the speed of light. Synchrotron light is unique in its intensity and brilliance and it can be generated across the range of the electromagnetic spectrum – from infrared to X-rays. Physics Have you ever wondered why the sky is blue, how your computer works, or what the universe is made of? Have you ever had an x-ray or an MRI scan? Do you use a mobile phone, or a DVD player?  Almost everything that makes your life more comfortable, or allows you to do the things you do today, come from engineered solutions to physical principles.  The discovery of electricity, magnetism and quantum physics came about through human curiosity – but did not have practical applications until decades later. Physics provides insight into philosophical questions about the nature of reality and the srcin of the universe.Physicists explore the universe at all scales of length, time and energy, from sub-atomic particles, such as the recent discovery of the Higgs boson – to the large scale structure of the universe; from ultra cold Bose-Einstein condensates (close to absolute zero temperature), to what happened at the Big Bang. The skills you gain through studying physics at Monash can be used in a diverse range of areas, from modelling complex financial systems, to climate modelling, to looking at innovative ways to address sustainability, to understanding our place in the universe, to understanding things like consciousness and complex biological systems.Physics at Monash University is in an exciting new phase in which we are working on a range of creative, curiosity-driven research areas that will have impact for future generations – including quantum computing, atomtronics and nano-fabrication.  Visit monash.edu/physics for more. What to expect in first year physics Monash is one of only a small number of universities in Australia that offers a broad range of physics and astrophysics subjects. Studying physics at Monash allows you to explore everything from astronomy and astrophysics to x-ray and synchrotron science; from biomedical imaging and biophotonics to condensed matter physics and nanoscience; from atomic and laser physics to particle physics and cosmology, and many more. The range of subjects and majors on offer are complemented by facilities that are the best in the world. They allow you to do hands-on lab work and work closely with your peers to explore problems and solutions under the direct guidance of physicists who are genuine experts and leaders in their research. Whether you are interested in the environment  , the cosmos  or the biosciences , there are physics units to suit you. We also provide a transition unit for students who haven’t studied physics in Year 12. You can take a physics major at Monash in the following courses: ■ Bachelor of Science ■ Bachelor of Science Advanced – Research (Honours) ■ Bachelor of Science Advanced – Global Challenges (Honours) A major in physics can also be taken as part of a double degree. For further details and information on these options please see our Science Undergraduate Course Guide or visit monash.edu/science/future/courses Honours studies Following their first degree, students can apply to do honours.  The honours program involves the completion of a research project and coursework units, which cover a broad range of topics selected by the student in conjunction with the coordinator. Postgraduate studies  After honours, students can undertake MSc and PhD studies.  These higher degrees involve coursework options, a significant research project and the submission of a thesis. NameCourse informationWhat you’ll study  Semester onePhysics (Mainstream) PHS1011  This unit is the main route into Physics at Monash.  Year 12 Physics is required and calculus is used.  The mathematics unit MTH1020 (or MTH1030) is recommended alongside PHS1011.Classical mechanics, waves & oscillations, and special relativity. Foundation Physics (Pre-Mainstream) PHS1080  This unit is for students who wish to study physics or astrophysics, but have not taken Year 12 Physics; it provides students with the option of moving into the main physics stream by taking PHS1022 in Semester 2. It has no prerequisites. A general science and mathematics background is sufficient. MTH1020 or MTH1030 is recommended alongside PHS1080.Mechanics, waves, electricity, magnetism, and basic quantum physics. Physics for the Living World PHS1031 For students in bio-medical and biological sciencesIt has no prerequisites. A general science and mathematics background is sufficient. No calculus is used.Key biophysical processes of life, involving biomechanics, fluids, electricity and energy, as well as key technologies, such as imaging systems. Earth to Cosmos: Introductory Astronomy   ASP1010 Suitable for students with a broad interest in science. A general science and mathematics background is sufficient. No calculus is used.Note: Serious astrophysics requires second level mathematics and physics.Provides an introduction to, and understanding of, the nature of the solar system, our galaxy, and the cosmos beyond. Semester twoPhysics (Mainstream) PHS1022  This unit provides a route to physics at higher levels.It requires PHS1011, PHS1080 or equivalent. MTH1030 is recommended prior to, or concurrent with, PHS1022Rotational dynamics, gravity, electromagnetism, and quantum physics. Physics, Energy and the Environment PHS1042 It has no prerequisites. A general science and mathematics background is sufficient. No calculus is used.Physics principles which underlie our understanding of the environment and processes in nature are studied, with particular focus on energy, its forms, sources, and usage. Life and the Universe: Introductory Astrophysics  ASP1022 Suitable for students with a broad interest in science.  A general science and mathematics background is sufficient.Note: Serious astrophysics requires second level mathematics and physicsInvestigates the characteristics of life, how life first appeared on Earth and the conditions for life to appear elsewhere in the cosmos. The world is always richer than we can ever imagine so you have to do the experiment to find out what new thing is out there. We’re working on things that will be part of new technology twenty, thirty years from now. – Michael Fuhrer Our people  Atom optics experiment for focusing neutral helium atoms  Are you curious? A problem solver? An explorer with a strong dash of creativity? If so, join us on our journey into the unknown in Monash Physics. 7900DPhysics 6pp6.0.indd 1-321/07/14 4:52PM  monash.edu/physics Science Physics Join us on our  journey  into the unknown . GRADUATES IN PHYSICS HAVE VARIED AND DIVERSE CAREER OPTIONS Where Physics can take you Studying physics can take you to places we are yet to imagine. Some of the exciting areas physicists at Monash are working on include astronomy and astrophysics, cold atoms and molecules, theoretical and computational physics, condensed matter physics, and X-ray physics and imaging.Studying physics at Monash will help develop and hone your ability to work as part of a team, communicate your ideas, think creatively and solve problems. These are essential skills you need in the workplace, and they can be used in any career.  ACCELERATOR PHYSICIST INSTRUMENTATION   PHYSICIST SCIENCE JOURNALIST MATERIALS SCIENTIST PHYSICS TEACHER MEDICAL PHYSICIST SYNCHROTRON SCIENTIST  ACOUSTICIANBIOPHYSICIST PARTICLE PHYSICIST RENEWABLE ENERGY MANAGER NUCLEAR PHYSICIST ENERGY CONSULTANT  APPLIED PHYSICIST  ATMOSPHERIC PHYSICIST ELECTRON MICROSCOPIST FORENSIC SCIENTIST INDUSTRIAL  PHYSICIST  ASTRONOMER AND  ASTROPHYSICISTOPTICAL PHYSICIST UNIVERSITY LECTURER PATENT ATTORNEY  The New Quantum Revolution  The first quantum revolution uncovered the rules which govern the behaviour of atoms – the fundamental building blocks of matter. Understanding and applying these rules are pivotal to technologies that underpin much of modern society. For example, the computer and communications revolution is based on our ability to control electrons and photons. In the 21st century, we are poised to take advantage of a new quantum revolution – one which will allow us to not only understand the behaviour of atoms, but to engineer and control quantum states of matter and light with unprecedented precision, such as atomtronics. This new quantum revolution also involves condensed matter and materials physics.  The School has established a new Centre for 2D Materials, focussed on transformative technologies for society, such as graphene-based electronics, spintronics, photovoltaics and room temperature superconductors. The Quest for New Physics and Symmetries Physicists in the School are exploring the Universe – from the very small scales of sub-nuclear structure to the large scale structure of the Universe. We are tackling some of the most profound questions in science, such as the srcin of space, time and matter.  As a major partner in the ARC Centre of Excellence for Particle Physics at the Terascale, we conduct research in collaboration with leading groups world-wide, including CERN.  The School also hosts the Monash Centre for Astrophysics, where our astronomers and astrophysicists investigate the evolution of galaxies, the srcin of stars and exotic objects, such as supermassive black holes, neutron stars/pulsars and supernova remnants. New Ways of Seeing and Understanding the World Imaging and computational sciences have driven discoveries in materials science, biological sciences and medicine. The School is a world-leader in the development and application of x-ray phase contrast imaging in biomedicine and imaging of materials using electrons, x-rays and visible light. Using world-class facilities in the Monash Centre for Electron Microscopy and synchrotron radiation facilities in Europe, Japan and at the Australian Synchrotron, we are carrying out research that will positively impact the health of our nation. From molecule to organism, physics has a critical role to play in 21st century biology – it is central to the development of tools that enable new discoveries and the physical understanding of complex biological systems. Our facilities PACE We’ve developed a new way of teaching physics and astronomy called the Physics and Astronomy Collaborative-learning Environment (PACE). PACE teaches students creative problem-solving, effective communication, teamwork and adaptability in spaces designed purposefully to foster this way of learning.  The PACE teaching model moves away from academic lecturing to hundreds of students. We are creating a community of students who are active learners and are able to apply the knowledge they have learned- within and outside of the classroom – in creative and imaginative ways. NEW HORIZONS  The New Horizons Centre is a new $175M research and training complex, which houses the research laboratories of the School of Physics.  The New Horizons Centre brings together world-class researchers from Monash and CSIRO, with diverse backgrounds in physics, engineering, mathematics, IT and biology.  The scope of New Horizons is beyond anything that exists in Australia – putting together an incredible array of talent, state-of-the-art equipment and specialised infrastructure to generate and develop new ideas across disciplines. In New Horizons, physicists are pushing the boundaries at the intellectual frontier of physics – the new quantum revolution. Our research The School conducts research within three broad research areas Opticsforlasercoolingofatomstonearabsolutezerotemperature  The informationinthisbrochure wascorrectatthe time ofpublication(July 2014). MonashUniversity reservesthe rightto alterthisinformationshouldthe needarise.  Youshouldalwayscheck withthe relevantFaculty office whenconsidering a course.CRICOSprovider: MonashUniversity 00008C 7900DPhysics 6pp6.0.indd 4-621/07/14 4:52PM
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