Stress Management

Stress Management
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  STRESS MANAGEMENT What is Stress? Stress is a condition or feeling experienced when a person perceivesthat demands exceed the personal and social resources theindividual is ale to moili!e People feel little stress when they havethe time, experience and resources to manage a situation. They feel greatstress when they think they can't handle the demands put upon them. Stress is the wear and tear our bodies experience as we adust to our continually changing environment. !t has physical and emotional effects onus and can create positive or negative feelings. s a positive influence,stress can help compel us to action# it can result in a new awareness andan exciting new perspective. s a negative influence, it can result infeelings of distrust, reection, anger, and depression, which in turn canlead to health problems such as headaches, upset stomach, rashes,insomnia, ulcers, high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke. $ith thedeath of a loved one, the birth of a child, a ob promotion, or a newrelationship, we experience stress as we readust our lives. !n so adustingto different circumstances, stress will help or hinder us depending on howwe react to it. #ow to Manage Stress?  s we have seen, positive stress adds anticipation and excitement to life, and we allthrive under a certain amount of stress. %eadlines, competitions, confrontations, andeven our frustrations and sorrows add depth and enrichment to our lives. &ur goal is notto eliminate stress but to learn how to manage it and how to use it to help us. !nsufficientstress acts as a depressant and may leave us feeling bored or deected# on the other   hand, excessive stress may leave us feeling tied up in knots . $hat we need to do is findthe optimal level of stress that will individually motivate but not overwhelm each of us.There is no single level of stress that is optimal for all people. $e are all individualcreatures with uniue reuirements. s such, what is distressing to one may be a oy toanother. nd even when we agree that a particular event is distressing, we are likely todiffer in our physiological and psychological responses to it. The person who loves to arbitrate disputes and move from ob site to ob site would bestressed in a ob which was stable and routine, whereas the person who thrives under stable conditions would very likely be stressed in a ob where duties were highly varied. lso, our personal stress reuirements and the amount which we can tolerate before webecome distressed changes with our life(styles and our ages. !t has been found that most illness is related to unrelieved stress. !f you are experiencingstress symptoms, you have gone beyond your optimal stress level# you need to reducethe stress in your life and)or improve your ability to manage it. *inding the cause of the anxiety is the first step in resolving a problem with stress. Stressmanagement refers to the effort to control and reduce the tension that occurs with asituation that is considered difficult or unmanageable. !dentifying unrelieved stress andbeing aware of its effect on our lives is not sufficient for reducing its harmful effects. +ustas there are many sources of stress, there are many possibilities for its management.owever, all reuire effort toward change- changing the source of stress and)or changingyour reaction to it. There are three maor approaches that we can use to manage stress- ã Action$oriented - !n which we seek to confront the problem causing the stress, changingthe environment or the situation. ã Emotionall%$oriented - !n which we do not have the power to change the situation, butwe can manage stress by changing our interpretation of the situation and the way wefeel about it# and  ã Acceptance$oriented - $here something has happened over which we have no power and no emotional control, and where our focus is on surviving the stress. Stress management involves the effort of a person in making emotionaland physical changes. The degree of stress and the desire to make thechanges will determine the level of change that will take place. The attitude of an individual can influence whether a situation or emotion is stressful or not.  person with a negative attitude will often perceive many situations as beingstressful. egative attitude is the predictor of stress, because this type of person is moreaffected by stress than a person with a more positive attitude.!f the nutritional status of the person is poor, the body is stressed and the person is notable to cope well in a stressful situation. s a result, the person can be more susceptibleto infections.  poor nutritional state can be related to unhealthy food choices,inadeuate food intake, or an erratic eating schedule.  nutritionally unbalanced eatingpattern can result in an inadeuate intake of nutrients.!nadeuate physical activity can result in a stressful state for body. Physical activity hasboth physiological and psychological benefits.  consistent programme of physicalactivity can contribute to a decrease in depression, if it exists. !t also improves the feelingof well(being.   minimal or total lack of mutually supportive friendships)relationships dueto family problems or other social problems in general can cause stress.Social situations can be beyond the coping ability of a stressed person.$hen a person has no hobbies or means of relaxation, he may be unableto handle stressful situations because the individual has no outlet for stress.  Warnings & 'onse(uences of )h%sical Signs of Excess Stress Physical warning )h%sical conse(uences !nsomniaeadacheseartburn/ackachesPeptic ulcers0ramps!ndigestion rthritis1laucoma2ultiple sclerosisStroke0ancer 3eukemia Warning and conse(uences of Mental signs of Excess Stress 2ental warning2ental conseuences3ack of concentration3oss of memory nxiety 4nustifiable fears5uick to cry5uick to anger 6xcessive worry 3oss of self(confidencePhysical illnessTotal mental breakdown0hemical dependencies Stress by itself can7t hurt anyone. !ts how we respond to stress that counts. %eveloppositive attitude to overcome stress. Stress is a result of your mental attitude and can pump hormones in your body, which can be profoundly harmful. 8et positive attitude, feelings, andexpectations can negate its effects. $hile stress can destroy9 Positiveattitude can heal9 * +ecome aware of %our stressors and %our emotional andph%sical reactions ã otice your distress. %on't ignore it. %on't gloss over your problems.
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